Temperature: Average Daily High: 77, Low: 57; Record High: 91, Low: 30
Rainfall: Average: 3”, High: 12”, Low: Trace
Flowers to Plant
Ageratum, Alyssum, Amaranth, Arctotis, Begonia, Candytuft, Celosia, Cleome, Coleus, Cosmos, Dahlia, Dusty Miller, Gaillardia, Gazania, Geranium, Impatiens, Marigold, Morning Glory, Nasturtium, Nemesia, Nicotiana, Ornamental Cabbage and Kale, Periwinkle, Phlox, Portulaca, Rudbeckia, Salvia, Sunflower, Sweet William, Torenia, Verbena, Zinnia.
Vegetables to Plant
Beans, Cantaloupes, Collards, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Leaf Lettuce, Mustard, New Zealand Spinach, Okra, Pepper, Radish, Southern Peas, Squash, Sweet Potatoes, Tomatoes, Turnips.
Bulbs to Plant
Blood Lily, Calladium, Canna, Crinum, Eucharis, Gladiolus, Gloriosa Lily, Society Garlic, Spider Lily, Rain Lily.
Amaryllis, Azalea, Bottlebrush, Bougainvillea, Cape Honeysuckle, Citrus, Confederate Jasmine, Geranium, Gerbera, India Hawthorn, Jasmine, Lantana, Orchid Tree, Roses, Viburnum, Wildflowers, Cattleya, Dendrobium nobile types, Dendrochilum, Oncidium.
Fruits in Season
Citrus, Loquat, Strawberry
Many orchids flush out new growth this time of year, start increasing fertilizer and monitor for thrips outbreaks. Continue spring repotting.
What to Do
- Fertilization: Follow all city, county, or state fertilizer codes. Nitrogen fertilizer must contain at least 50% slow-release nitrogen. No more that 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq.ft. may be applied to turf or landscape plants each year, and no more that 1 pound of total nitrogen per 1,000 sq.ft. may be applied at any one time. No more that 0.5 pounds of phosphorus per 1,000 sq.ft. may be applied to turf or landscape plants each year, and no more that 0.25 pounds of total phosphorus per 1,000 sq.ft. may be applied at any one time. Other nutrients may be applied at recommended rates, but stay at least 10’ away from water bodies or wetlands. Choose organic or controlled-release fertilizers whenever possible.
- Irrigation: irrigate as needed unless it rains. Apply ½” to ¾” of water once or twice a week. Established drought-tolerant species may not need irrigation. Be sure to follow any current city, county, or Water Management District watering restrictions. To calibrate your irrigation system: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/LH026.
- Visually inspect each irrigation head monthly while the irrigation system is running. Make sure heads are reaching their intended target plants, rotors are turning, clean any clogged nozzles, and repair any leaks. Check mandatory rain shut-off devices to ensure they are operating properly.
- Plant summer annuals such as gazanias, portulaca, verbena, and zinnias.
- Prune poinsettias and tropical shrubs such as hibiscus and ixoras, if needed. Do not prune azaleas, jasmines or gardenias until they finish blooming.
- Fertilize all ornamental plants and lawns unless done in February.
- To increase their chance of survival when you transplant trees or large shrubs, root-prune them now and wait 2/3 months to move them. Keep irrigated. Remove some foliage if plant begins to wilt.
- Pinch growing tips of annuals to encourage branching; remove faded flowers.
- Watch for aphids and other insects, especially on new growth. Watch for spider mites on junipers, Italian cypress and other susceptible plants. Use IPM (Integrated Pest Management) strategies to correct problems.
- Apply a minor element nutritional spray to gardenias, Hibiscus, ixoras, and other “acid-loving” plants, including citrus.
- Air-layer trees and shrubs to propagate new plants.
- Use fallen oak leaves for mulch or put them in a compost pile.