Bromeliaceae of the Guianas

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Bromeliaceae of the Guianas
Excerpted and updated from: CHECKLIST OF THE PLANTS OF GUIANA, 2 ND ed. (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) J. Boggan, V. Funk, C. Kelloff (Smithsonian Institution) and M. Hoff, G. Cremers, & C. Feuillet. 1st Edition: December 1992 2nd Edition: February 1997 Published by the Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 U.S.A. This is publication number 30 in the Smithsonian's Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program publication series. BROMELIACEAE Reviewed by E.J. Gouda, J. Grant, & M. Spencer (1992); reviewed by B.K. Holst, J. Grant, E.J. Gouda, & H. Luther (1996)
Genus species
Distribution (GU = Guyana, SU = Suriname, FG = French Guiana)
Notes
Aechmea angustifolia Poepp. & Endl.
GU
Aechmea aquilega (Salisb.) Griseb.
GU SU FG
Aechmea beeriana L.B. Smith & M.A. Spencer
Aechmea brassicoides Baker
GU
Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge) Baker
GU SU FG
Aechmea campanulata L.B. Smith
GU
Aechmea castelnavii Baker
to be expected in FG
Aechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult.f.)Baker
GU
Aechmea egleriana L.B. Smith var. egleriana
FG
Aechmea egleriana L.B. Smith var. major L.B. Smith
to be expected in FG
Aechmea fernandae (E. Morren) Baker
to be expected in FG
Aechmea lanjouwii (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith
SU
Aechmea lingulata (L.) Baker
GU SU FG
Aechmea longifolia (Rudge) L.B. Smith & M.A. Spencer
SU FG
Aechmea megalantha Harms
FG
probably misident. of A. melinonii according to Gouda
Aechmea melinonii Hook.
GU SU FG
Aechmea mertensii (Mey.) Schult.f.
GU SU FG
Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb. var. cuspidata Baker
GU
Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb. var. nudicaulis
GU SU FG
Aechmea pallida L.B. Smith
GU
Aechmea penduliflora André
GU
Aechmea poitaei (Baker) L.B. Smith &
M.A. Spencer
Aechmea politii L.B. Smith
GU FG
Aechmea prancei L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Aechmea setigera Mart. ex Schult.f.
SU FG
Aechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Baker
GU SU
Aechmea tocantina Baker
GU SU FG
Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Smith
GU SU FG
Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill
GU SU FG
cultivated, naturalized
Ananas lucidus Mill.
FG
Ananas nanus (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith
SU? FG?
Ananas parguazensis Camargo & L.B. Smith
GU SU
Araeococcus flagellifolius Harms
SU FG
Araeococcus goeldianus L.B. Smith
FG
Araeococcus micranthus Brongn.
GU SU FG
Billbergia brachysiphon L.B. Smith
to be expected in FG
Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Smith
GU
Billbergia pyramidalis (Sims) Lind.
FG
Billbergia rosea Hort. ex Beer
SU?
Billbergia violacea Beer
GU SU FG
Brocchinia acuminata L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Brocchinia hechtioides Mez
near GU border
Mt. Roraima
Brocchinia melanacra L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Brocchinia micrantha (Baker) Mez
GU
Brocchinia reducta Baker
GU
Brocchinia steyermarkii L.B. Smith
GU
Brocchinia tatei L.B. Smith
GU
Bromelia agavifolia Brongn. ex Houllett
FG
Bromelia alta L.B. Smith
GU SU
Bromelia chrysantha Jacq.
to be expected in GU
Bromelia fosteriana L.B. Smith
SU
Bromelia goeldiana L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Bromelia humilis Jacq.
SU?
Bromelia morreniana (Regel) Mez
to be expected in FG
Bromelia oleveiriae L.B. Smith
FG?
Bromelia pinguin L.
GU SU
cultivated only?
Bromelia plumieri (E. Morren) L.B. Smith
GU SU FG
Bromelia rondoniana L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Bromelia serra Griseb.
FG
Bromelia tubulosa L.B. Smith
FG?
Catopsis berteroniana (Schult.f.) Mez
GU SU FG
Catopsis sessiliflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Mez
SU FG
Connelia nutans L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Connellia augustae (Rich. Schomb.) N.E. Brown
GU
Mt. Roraima
Connellia caricifolia L.B. Smith
near GU border
Mt. Roraima
Connellia quelchii N.E. Brown
near GU border
Mt. Roraima
Disteganthus basilateralis Lem.
FG
Disteganthus calatheoides (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith & R.W. Read
FG
Disteganthus lateralis (L.B. Smith) Gouda
SU FG
Guzmania altsonii L.B. Smith
GU SU FG
Guzmania angustifolia (Baker) Wittmack
GU?
Guzmania brasiliensis Ule
possibly to be expected in GU
Guzmania calothyrsus Mez
GU
Guzmania erythrolepis Brongn. ex Planch.
FG?
probably misident. of G. melinonis according to Gouda
Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez
GU SU FG
Guzmania melinonis Regel
GU SU FG
Guzmania plumieri (Griseb.) Mez
GU? SU? FG
Guzmania retusa L.B. Smith
GU
Guzmania roezlii (E. Morren) Mez
GU
Guzmania sphaeroidea (André) André ex Mez
GU
Guzmania squarrosa (Mez & Sodiro) L.B. Smith & Pittendrigh
GU
Guzmania steyermarkii L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Hohenbergia stellata Schult.f.
to be expected in GU
Lindmania geniculata L.B. Smith
GU
Lindmania gracillima (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
Lindmania guianensis (Beer) Mez
GU
Lindmania paludosa L.B. Smith
possibly to be expected in GU
Mezobromelia capituligera (Griseb.) J.R. Grant
possibly to be expected in GU
Mezobromelia pleiosticha (Griseb.) J. Utley & H. Luther
GU SU FG
Navia angustifolia (Baker) Mez
GU
Navia arida L.B. Smith & Steyerm.
GU
Navia barbellata L.B. Smith
GU
Navia brachyphylla L.B. Smith
GU?
Navia cataractarum Sandw.
GU
Navia duidae L.B. Smith
GU?
Navia gleasonii L.B. Smith
GU
Navia maguirei L.B. Smith
SU
Navia rupestris (Gleason) Sandw.
GU
Navia sandwithii L.B. Smith
GU
Navia splendens L.B. Smith
GU
Pitcairnia brittoniana Mez
GU
Pitcairnia caricifolia Mart. ex Schult.f.
GU SU FG
=Pepinia caricifolia
Pitcairnia ctenophylla L.B. Smith
to be expected in GU
=Pepinia ctenophylla
Pitcairnia geyskesii L.B. Smith
GU SU FG
=Pepinia geyskesii
Pitcairnia heterophylla (Lindl.) Beer
to be expected in GU
Pitcairnia incarnata Baker
FG
=Pepinia incarnata
Pitcairnia leprieurii Baker
GU FG
Pitcairnia maidifolia (C. Morren) Decne.
GU SU
Pitcairnia nuda Baker
GU SU
=Pepinia nuda
Pitcairnia patentiflora L.B. Smith
FG
=Pepinia patentiflora
Pitcairnia pusilla Mez
FG
Pitcairnia rubiginosa (Brongn.) Baker
FG
=Pepinia rubiginosa
Pitcairnia sastrei L.B. Smith & R.W. Read
SU? FG
Pitcairnia sprucei Baker
FG
=Pepinia sprucei
Racinaea spiculosa Griseb. var. micrantha (Baker) L.B. Smith
GU
Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A.
GU SU FG
=Racinaea
Spencer & L.B. Smith var. spiculosa
spiculosa var. spiculosa
Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb. var. stenoglossa (L.B. Smith) Gouda
GU
=Racinaea stenoglossa var. stenoglossa
Tillandsia tetrantha Ruiz & Pav. var. caribaea (L.B. Smith) Gouda
GU?
=Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Tillandsia adpressiflora Mez
GU? SU FG
Tillandsia anceps Lodd.
GU SU FG
Tillandsia balbisiana Schult.f.
possibly to be expected in GU
Tillandsia bulbosa Hook.
GU SU FG
Tillandsia compacta Griseb.
possibly to be expected in GU
Tillandsia complanata Benth.
GU
Tillandsia elongata Kunth var. subimbricata (Baker) L.B. Smith
GU?
Tillandsia fasciculata Swartz
GU? SU FG
Tillandsia fendleri Griseb. var. fendleri
GU
Tillandsia fendleri Griseb. var. reducta (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith
possibly to be expected in GU
Tillandsia flexuosa Swartz
GU SU FG
Tillandsia geminiflora Brongn.
SU
Tillandsia jenmanii Baker
GU
=Racinaea jenmanii
Tillandsia kegeliana Mez
GU SU FG
Tillandsia monadelpha (E. Morren) Baker
GU SU FG
Tillandsia paraensis Mez
GU SU FG
Tillandsia pruinosa Swartz
GU? SU
Tillandsia stricta Solander ex Ker-Gawl.
GU SU
Tillandsia tenuifolia L.
GU SU FG
Tillandsia turneri Baker var. orientalis L.B. Smith
GU
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L.
GU SU FG
Werauhia gigantea (Martius ex Schultes f.) J.R. Grant FG
Werauhia gladioliflora (Wendl.) J.R. Grant
GU SU FG
Werauhia hygrometrica (André) J.R. Grant
to be expected in GU
Werauhia ringens ringens (Griseb.) J.R. Grant
GU
Werauhia viridiflora (Regel) J.R. Grant
GU
Vriesea duidae (L.B. Smith) Gouda
GU
Vriesea heliconioides (Kunth) Hook. ex Walp.
GU? SU FG
Vriesea heterandra (André) L.B. Smith
SU
Vriesea incurva (Griseb.) R.W. Read
GU
=Tillandsia incurva
Vriesea johnstonii (Mez) L.B. Smith & Pittendrigh
GU
=Werauhia hygrometrica?
Vriesea jonghei (C. Koch) E. Morren
FG
Vriesea platynema Gaudichaud
GU
Vriesea procera (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Wittmack
GU SU FG
Vriesea rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Beer
GU
Vriesea soderstromii L.B. Smith
GU
Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem. var. formosa Suringar ex Witte
GU
Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem. var. splendens
GU SU FG
BROMELIACEAE - SYNONYMS AND MISIDENTIFICATIONS:
Aechmea lateralis L.B. Smith =Disteganthus lateralis
Aechmea mucroniflora Hook. =Aechmea mertensii
Aechmea spicata Mart. ex Schult.f. =Aechmea mertensii
Aechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Baker var. kienastii (E. Morren ex Mez) L.B. Smith =Aechmea tillandsioides
Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Smith var. nanus L.B. Smith =Ananas nanus
Brocchinia bernardii L.B. Smith =Brocchinia melanacra
Brocchinia paniculata Schult.f. [not in Guianas
Brocchinia secunda L.B. Smith =Brocchinia tatei
Bromelia granvillei L.B. Smith [nomen nudum
Bromelia karatas L. =Bromelia plumieri
Catopsis inconspicua Bak. =Catopsis nitida [not in Guianas
Chevaliera fernandae (E. Morren) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea fernandae
Chevaliera pallida (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea pallida
Cottendorfia geniculata (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith =Lindmania geniculata
Cottendorfia gracillima L.B. Smith =Lindmania gracillima
Cottendorfia guianensis (Beer) Klotzsch ex Baker =Lindmania guianensis
Cottendorfia paludosa (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith =Lindmania paludosa
Cottendorfia serrulata (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith =Lindmania serrulata
Disteganthus bromeliifolius L.B. Smith [nomen nudum =Disteganthus lateralis
Gravisia aquilega (Salisb.) Mez =Aechmea aquilega
Gravisia lanjouwii (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith =Aechmea lanjouwii
Guzmania minor Mez =Guzmania lingulata
Guzmania pleiosticha (Griseb.) Mez =Werauhia pleiosticha
Guzmania splitgergeri Mez =Vriesea pleiosticha
Guzmania venamensis L.B. Smith =Guzmania sphaeroidea
Lamprococcus campanulatus (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea campanulata
Navia fluviatilis L.B. Smith =Navia rupestris
Pepinia caricifolia (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Pepinia ctenophylla (L.B. Smith) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia ctenophylla
Pepinia geyskesii (L.B. Smith) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia geyskesii
Pepinia incarnata (Baker) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia incarnata
Pepinia nuda (Baker) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia nuda
Pepinia patentiflora (L.B. Smith) Varadarajan & Gilmartin = Pitcairnia patentiflora
Pepinia rubiginosa (Brongn.) Varadarajan & Gilmartin=Pitcairnia rubiginosa
Pepinia sprucei (Baker) Varadarajan & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia sprucei
Pitcairnia kegeliana Schlecht. =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Platyaechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult.f.) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea contracta
Platyaechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult.f.) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea tillandioides
Pothuava nudicaulis (L.) L.B. Smith & W.J. Kress =Aechmea nudicaulis
Quesnelia lamarckii Baker =Musa coccinea (Musaceae)[cultivated only
Streptocalyx longifolius (Rudge) Baker [SU FG [=Aechmea longifolia
Streptocalyx poeppigii Beer [SU FG [=Aechmea beeriana
Streptocalyx poitaei Baker [FG [=Aechmea poitaei
Thecophyllum splitgerberi (Mez) Pittendrigh =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Tillandsia amazonica Baker =Vriesea amazonica
Tillandsia appuniana Baker =Vriesea splendens var. splendens
Tillandsia archeri L.B. Smith =Vriesea turneri
Tillandsia compressa Bert. [not in Guianas
Tillandsia conspersa Miq. =Tillandsia stricta
Tillandsia deppeana Steud. var. reducta (L.B. Smith) L.B. Smith =Tillandsia fendleri var. reducta
Tillandsia duidae L.B. Smith =Vriesea duidae
Tillandsia graminifolia Baker =Tillandsia monadelpha
Tillandsia incurva Griseb. =Vriesea incurva
Tillandsia multifolia Mez =Tillandsia turneri var. orientalis
Tillandsia pachychlamys Mez =Werauhia gladioliflora
Tillandsia parkeri Baker =Tillandsia spiculosa var. spiculosa
Tillandsia pulchella Hook. =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia pulchella Hook. var. surinamensis Mez =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia punctulata Cham. & Schlechtend. [not in Guianas
Tillandsia rhodocincta Baker =Tillandsia turneri var. orientalis
Tillandsia rhododactyla Mez =Vriesea rubra
Tillandsia rigidula Baker =Guzmania roezlii
Tillandsia rubra Ruiz & Pavon var. reducta L.B. Smith =Tillandsia fendleri var. reducta
Tillandsia splendens Brongn. =Vriesea splendens
Tillandsia stenoglossa L.B. Smith =Tillandsia spiculosa var. stenoglossa
Tillandsia subimbricata Baker =Tillandsia elongata var. subimbricata
Tillandsia surinamensis Miq. ex Mez =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia L. var. surinamensis (Mez) L.B. Smith =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. var. filiformis (André) Mez =Tillandsia usneoides
Vriesea gigantea (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Mez =Vriesea amazonica
Vriesea pachychlamys Mez =Werauhia gladioliflora
Vriesea splitgerberi (Mez) L.B. Smith & Pittendrigh =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Wittmackia odora Mez =Aechmea lingulata
REFERENCES:
Grant, J.R. 1995. The resurrection of Alcantarea and Werauhia, a new genus. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 91: 1-59.
Gouda, E.J. 1987. Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae. In A.R.A. Görts-van Rijn, Flora of the Guianas (series A) 3: 1-112.
Holst, B.K. 1994. Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae with notes on species distribution by state and levels of endemism. Selbyana 15(1): 132-149.
Kramer, K.U. & A.R.A. Görts-van Rijn. 1968. Bromeliaceae (additions and corrections). In A. Pulle & J. Lanjouw, Flora of Suriname 1(2): 413-414.
Smith, L.B. 1957. Bromeliaceae. In A. Pulle & J. Lanjouw, Flora of Suriname 1(2): 94-148.
Smith, L.B. 1967. Bromeliaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(3): 15-68.
Smith, L.B. 1986. Revision of the Guayana Highland Bromeliaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73(4): 689721.
Smith, L.B. & R.J. Downs. 1974. Pitcairnioideae. Flora Neotropica Monogr. 14, part 1: 1-658.
Smith, L.B. & R.J. Downs. 1977. Tillandsioideae. Flora Neotropica Monogr. 14, part 2: 663-1492.
Smith, L.B. & R.J. Downs. 1979. Bromelioideae. Flora Neotropica Monogr. 14, part 3: 1493-2142.
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