Bromeliads - Country Checklist - Bolivia

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Selbyana 20(2): 201-223. 1999.
CHECKLIST OF BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE WITH NOTES ON SPECIES DISTRIBUTION AND LEVELS OF ENDEMISM
THORSTEN KROMER AND MICHAEL KESSLER
Albrecht-von-Haller Institut ffir Pflanzenwissenschaften der Universitat Gottingen, Abteilung Systematische Botanik, Untere Karsptile 2, Gottingen, D-37073. E-mail forMK:106606.464@ucompuserve.com
BRUCE
I
K.
HOLST* AND HARRY
E. LUTHER
The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South Palm Ave., Sarasota, FL 34236 USA. E-mail for BKH: bholst@virtu.sar.usf.edu
ERIC
J.
GOUDA
University Botanic Gardens, P.O. Box 80.162, NL-3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands E-mail: E.J.Gouda@bio.uu.nl
PIERRE
L. I1nsCH
Fundaci6n Amigos de la NaturalezaIBotanical Institute of the University of Bonn, Germany, Casilla 2241, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. E-mail: pibisch@fan-bo.org
WALTER TILL
Botanical Institute of the University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, A-1030, Wien, Austria E-mail: walter.till@univie.ac.at
ROBERTO
V A.SQUEZ
Sociedad Boliviana de Botanica, Casilla 3822, Santa Cruz, Bolivia E-mail: r.vasquez@daitec.scz.com
A discussion of Bromeliaceae diversity in Bolivia, and a checklist of the 21 genera and 281 species occuring there is presented. Each species entry in the checklist includes accepted name, comprehensive synonymy for all species described based on Bolivian types, additional pertinent synonymy, elevation range above sea level, distribution by department, and an indication of which species are endemic to Bolivia.
ABSTRACT. RESUMEN. Aqui se describe la diversidad de la familia Bromeliaceae en Bolivia. Se incluye un listado de los 21 generos y 281 especies que occurren ahi. Cada especie en ellistado contiene inforrnaci6n del nombre aceptado, sinonimia comprensiva para cada especie descrita en base a muestras Bolivianas, sinonimia pertinente adicional, rango de elevaci6n sobre el nivel del mar, distribuci6n por departamento, y se indica caules especies son endemicas a Bolivia.
Key words:
Bromeliaceae, Bolivia, checklist, endemic
INTRODUCTION
The checklist presented here provides updated information on the diversity and distribution of Bromeliaceae in Bolivia. Numerous collections in the last two decades, especially from fieldwork by S.G. Beck, H. & L. Hromadnik, M. Kessler, P. Ibisch, R. V iisquez, and T. Kromer, have resulted in the addition of many new records for the flora since the last summary of
Bolivian bromeliads (Smith 1969). These include seven genera (Araeococcus, Catopsis, Deinacanthon, Greigia, Mezobromelia, Pepinia, and Werauhia) and 125 species. Nevertheless, it is clear that the record is incomplete, and further surveys are needed to clarify taxonomic problems and fragmentary distribution records.
METHODS
* Corresponding
author.
The following herbaria were surveyed for collections from Bolivia: Herbario Nacional de Bo201
202
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livia, La paz (LPB), Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff, Santa Cruz (USZ), The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota (SEL), the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis (MO), Institute of Botany, University of Vienna (WU), Utrecht Univerisity, Utrecht (U), and the personal Herbarium of R. Vasquez, Santa Cruz (VASQ). Principal literature references used were the Flora Neotropica Monograph Bromeliaceae treatments (Smith & Downs 1974, 1977, 1979), a preliminary country checklist by R. Foster (1958), a country-level family treatment by L.B. Smith (1969), and a modem epiphyte survey by P. Ibisch (1996). While an attempt was made to verify specimens of all taxa included in the list, the occurrence of some species in Bolivia is only known to us from literature sources or from identifications made by other botanists. For these, an indication of the citation or determiner source is made in the list. The checklist was compiled from a database prepared at the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens which includes approximately 2250 herbarium records. Author abbreviations follow Brummitt and Powell (1992), abbreviations ofliterature citations follow Stafteu and Cowan (1976-1988) for books, and Lawrence et al. (1968) for journals. Herbarium acronyms follow Holmgren et al. (1990). All basionyms are included, jiS well as all species-level names based on types from Bolivia and pertinent recent synonymy. Distribution at the department level in Bolivia and the elevational range where the species occur are listed after each species, as well as the type collection, country where the type was collected, and where possible, an additional voucher specimen. The word "Endemic" is added if the species is wholly confined to the political boundaries of Bolivia. Nomenclature used in the checklist follows that used in An Alphabetic list of Bromeliad Binomials (Luther & Sieff 1998) which recognizes three recently created or resurrected genera: Racinaea (Spencer & Smith 1993), Werauhia (Grant 1995), and Pepinia (Varadarajan & Gilmartin 1988). Species which formerly belonged to Streptocalyx can now be found in Aechmea (Smith & Spencer 1992).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
TABLE 1. Species numbers of Bromeliaceae in Bolivia, arranged by subfamily and genus.
No. species endemic to Bolivia
Subfamily/Genus
No. species in Bolivia
PITCAIRNIOIDEAE Deuterocohnia Dyckia Fosterella Pepinia Pitcairnia Puya Subtotal: BROMELIOIDEAE Aechmea Ananas Araeococcus Billbergia Bromelia Deinacanthon Greigia Pseudananas Subtotal: TILLANDSIOIDEAE Catopsis Guzmania Mezobromelia Racinaea Tillandsia Vriesea Werauhia Subtotal: Family total:
11
6
5 2
20 1 15 57 110
10
15
8
47 77
2
1
8 4 1 3 1 30 1 17 2 12 97 9 3 141 281
3
3 7
2
31
1 35
119
Although Bolivia's species totals still rank below those of other Andean countries (see Holst 1994), the number of genera (21, see TABLE 1) is second only to Venezuela. This high number reflects the unique biogeographical position of Bolivia at the meeting point of the humid northern and central Andes, the dry southern Andes,
Amazonia, the Gran Chaco, and the Brazilian Shield (FIGURE 1). The 281 recorded species from the country (TABLE 1; APPENDIX) is still well below the number to be expected. Based on a species/area relationship in comparison to Peru, Ibisch (1996) estimated a total 300-350 bromeliad species for Bolivia. Considering the increase in species numbers in the last decades (on average, about four new species have been found per year since 1969), this estimate seems realistic. In 1997, seven new species were described from Bolivia (Till & Hromadnik 1997, Luther 1997, Ibisch et al. 1997, Gross 1997, Ehlers 1997, Ehlers & Hromadnik 1997, Till 1997); in 1998, six new taxa were described (Luther 1998a, 1998b), among them, three Greigia species; and in 1999 at least 8 new species have been published (lbisch et al. 1999, Luther 1999, Ibisch et al. 1999, Kessler et al. 1999). Among the two latter papers are five new Fosterella species. Almost 43% of the Bolivian bromeliads are endemic to the country (TABLE 1). This high number is due in large part to terrestrial taxa,
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
203
BRAZIL PERU
CHILE
250 KM
ARGENTINA
< 500 m
500 -1500
m
co = COCHABAMBA
CH = CHUQUISACA
1500 - 3000 m
> 3000 m
~~~-
TA
=TARIJA
Departmental boundaries
FIGURE 1. Bolivia. Political subdivsions and broad elevational zones.
particularly those in the subfamily Pitcairnioideae which has three genera (Deuterocohnia, Fosterella, Puya) with centers of diversity in Bolivia (Ibisch 1996). Eleven out of 15 Deuterocohnia species, 20 of approximately 25 Fosterella species occur in Bolivia, and 47 of the nearly 200 species of Puya are endemic. Somewhat surprisingly, the number of Pitcairnia species (15) is low compared to other Andean countries. This may be the result of inadequate sam-
pIing or the fact that some morphologically and ecologically variable species (e.g., P. cardenasii, P. crassa, P. trianae) may include more than one species. Another striking feature of the Bolivian bromeliad flora is the low number of large, green, tank bromeliads in the Tillandsioideae and Bromelioideae in the genera Guzmania, Tillandsia, Vriesea, and Aechmea. While this is in part due to inadequate sampling, these groups have their centers of diversity elsewhere; southeastern Brazil for Aechmea and Vriesea, and the northern Andes for Guzmania and Tillandsia. Three departments contain more than 100 species each, La Paz, Cochabamba, and Santa Cruz (TABLE 2). While these appear to be the best sampled (ca. 1700 ofthe 2250 collection records in our database come from there), they are also the most varied topographically. At the other end of the sampling spectrum, our database contains only two Bromeliaceae collections from Oruro and 10 from Pando. While nearly all localities merit further collection for new Bromeliaceae, priorities include the humid mid-elevation forests (1500-2500 m) in La Paz, semi-humid forests at the transition of dry, rainshadowed valleys to humid montane forest in almost any valley system in La Paz and adjacent Cochabamba, and the interior portions of Ambor6 National Park in Santa Cruz. Although bromeliads occur at low densities in the Amazonian lowlands, a thorough search in Pando and the Amazonian part of Beni should yield elements of the Brazilian bromeliad flora which are not yet known from Bolivia. Likewise, the dry Chaco lowland and foothill forests of Chuquisaca and Tarija are likely to yield new discoveries. In most need of study taxonomically are the terrestrial and saxicolous genera, particularly Puya and Pitcairnia, and the largely epiphytic genus Tillandsia.
TABLE
2. Bromeliaceae species diversity, number of department- and country-level political endemic species, and number of collection records in database used. No. BoHvian
Department La Paz Santa Cruz Cochabamba Chuquisaca Tarija PotOSI Beni Pando Oruro
No~
species
No. species wholly endemic to each department
endemic species
f'Ound in each department
No. collection
records in database
154
119
115 65 63 30 28 6 2
23 20 14 8 12 3
45 37 35 24
18
12 2
714 575 417 220 146 78 67 10 2
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The database resulting from this project is available to all those who want to contribute further records or use it for purposes of research or conservation. Please contact B. Holst or M. Kessler for more information. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the following herbaria for providing specimens and data used in this work: LPB, MO, SCZ, SEL, U, and WU. The studies of P. lbisch and R. Vasquez partially were conducted under the Research and Development program of the Science Department of Fundaci6n Amigos de la Naturaleza Noel Kempff, Bolivia as part of the Noel Kempff Climate Action Project.
LITERATURE CITED
Brummitt, R.K. and C.E. Powell, eds. 1992. Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Ehlers, R. 1997. Tillandsia colganii, a new species. J. Brome1iad Soc. 47: 103-106. Ehlers, R. and L. Hromadnik. 1997. Tillandsia hasei R. Ehlers & L. Hromadnik spec. nov. Die Bromelie 1996(3): [74-75, figs.] 76-78 [backcover]. Foster, R.C. 1958. A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contrib. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. 184: 1-223. Grant, J.R. 1995. The resurrection of Alcantarea and Werauhia, a new genus. Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 91: 16-17. Gross, E. 1997. Bromelienstudien. 1. Neue und wenig bekannte Arten aus Peru und anderen Liindern (23. Mitteilung). Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 95: 20-21,39. Holmgren, P.K., N.H. Holmgren and L.c. Barnett. 1990. Index Herbariorium. Part I: The Herbaria of the World, ed. 8. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. Holst, B.K. 1994. Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae with notes on species distribution by state and levels of endemism. Selbyana 15: 132-149. Ibisch, P.L. 1996. Neotropische Epiphytendiversitiitdas Beispiel Bolivien. Archiv naturwissenschaftlicher Dissertationen 1: I-XIV, 1-357 + 107 pp., Martina Galunder-Verlag, Wiehl. !bisch, P.L., E. Gross, G. Rauer & D. Rudolph 1997. On the diversity and biogeography of the genus Fosterella L.B. Sm., Bromeliaceae, with the description of a new species from eastern Bolivia. J. Bromeliad Soc. 47: 211-217. !bisch, P.L., R. Vasquez Ch. and E. Gross. 1999. New species of Puya and Pitcairnia (Bromeliaceae) from the Ambor6 National Park and vicinity (Santa Cruz, Bolivia)-a neglected centre of diversity and endemism of Pitcairnoideae. J. Bromeliad Soc. 49: 124-135.
!bisch, P.L., R. Vasquez and E. Gross. 1999. More novelties of Fosterella L.B. Smith (Bromeliaceae, Pitcairnioideae) from Bolivia. Rev. Soc. Bo1iviana Bot. 2(2): 117-132. Kessler, M., P.L. Ibisch and E. Gross. 1999. Fosterella cotacajensis, una nueva especie de Bromeliaceae de los valles secos andinos de Bolivia. Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(2): 111-116. Lawrence, G.H.M., A.EG. Buchheim, G.S. Daniels and H. Dolezal, eds. 1968. Botanico-PeriodicumHuntianum. Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh. Luther, H.E. 1997. A showy new Fosterella from Bolivia. J. Bromeliad Soc. 47: 118-119. - - - . 1998a. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae (XII). Selbyana 19(1): 83-90. - - - . 1998b. Miscellaneous new taxa of Brome1iaceae (XIII). Se1byana 19(2): 218-226. - - - . 1999. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae (XIV). Selby ana 20(1): 10-15. Luther, H.E. and E. Sieff. 1998. An Alphabetic List of Bromeliad Binomials, 5th ed. The Brom~liad Society, International, Newberg. Ribera, M.O., M. Libermann, S. Beck & M. Moraes. 1996. Vegetaci6n de Bolivia. Pp. 169-222 in K. Mihotek, ed. Comunidades, Territorios Indfgenas y Biodiversidad en Bolivia. CIMAR-U.A.G.R.M., Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Smith, L.B. 1969. The Bromeliaceae of Bolivia. Rhodora 71: 35-57,220-279. Smith, L.B. and R.J. Downs. 1974. Pitcairnioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 1660. Hafner Press, New York. - - - . 1977. Tillandsioideae (Brome1iaceae). FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 663-1492. Hafner Press, New York. ---.1979. Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(3): 1493-2142. New York Botanical Garden, New York. Smith, L.B. and M.A. Spencer. 1992. Reduction of Streptocalyx (Bromeliaceae: Brome1ioideae). Phytologia 72: 96-98. Spencer, M.A. and L.B. Smith. 1993. Racinaea, a new genus of Bromeliaceae (Tillandsioideae). Phytologia 74: 151-160. Stafleu, EA. and R.S. Cowan. 1976-1988. Taxonomic Literature: A Selective Guide to Botanical Publications and Collections with Dates, Commentaries and Types, ed. 2. 7 volumes. Utrecht, Antwerpen, The Hague, and Boston. Till, W. 1997. Tillandsia samaipatensis, eine iibersehene Art aus Zentralbolivien. Die Bromelie 21 1996: 36-38. Till, W. and L. Hromadnik. 1997. Uma Nova Especie Incomum de Deuterocohnia da Bolfvia. An unusual new Deuterocohnia from Bolivia. Bromelia 4(1): 19-22. Varadarajan, G.S. and A.J. Gilmartin. 1988: Taxonomic realignments within the subfamily Pitcairnioideae (Bromeliaceae). Syst. Bot. 13: 294-299.
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ApPENDIX
205
Checklist of Bolivian Bromeliaceae Department abbreviations. BE-Beni; CH-Chuquisaca; CO-Cochabamba; LP-La paz; OR-Oruro; PA-Pando; PO-Potosi; TA-Tarija. Type designations. HT-Holotype; IT-Isotype; LT-Lectotype; ILT-Isolectotype; CT-Clonotype. Endemic = confined to the political boundaries of Bolivia.
AECHMEA Aechmea angustifolia Poepp. & Endl., Nov. gen. sp. PI. 2: 43. 1838. Synonym(s): Aechmea boliviana Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 456. 1907; Aechmea inconspicua Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 786. 1929. Dept.: BE, CO, LP, PA, SC. Elevation: 150-1300 m. Type: Poeppig 1823. HT: W (lost). Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 8457 (LPB, SEL). Aechmea bromel;ifolia (Rudge) Baker, in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. pI. 3: 664. 1883. Basionym: Tillandsia bromeliaefolia Rudge, PI. Guian. 32, t. 50. 1807. Synonym(s): Aechmea ellipsoidea Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 212. 1927. Dept.: BE, CH, LP, SC. Elevation: 200-1350 m. Type: Martin S.n. HT: BM. French Guiana. Voucher: J. Solomon 6179 (SEL). Aechmea castelnavii Baker, Handb. Bromel. 39. 1889. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 300-350 m. Type: Castelnau s.n. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: In Bolivia, only known from type collection. Aechmea distichantha Lem., Jard. Fleur. 3: t. 269. 1853. Synonym(s): Platyaechmea distichantha (Lem.) L.B. Sm. & Kress, Phytologia 69: 272. 1990. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-1900 m. Type: Libon s.n. HT: BR? Brazil. Voucher: B. Holst et al. 4948 (USZ, SEL). Aechmea fuerstenbergii E. Morren & Wittm., Belgique Hort. 29: 42. 1879. Synonym(s): StreptocalyxJuerstenbergii (E. Morren & Wittm.) E. Morren, Belgique Hort. 33: 16. 1883. Dept.: BE, LP. Elevation: 300-850(-1050?) m. Type: Porte S.n. HT: LG. Brazil. Voucher: T. Kromer (GOET, LPB, SEL). Aechmea kuntzeana Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 208. 1896. Dept.: BE, LP, SC. Elevation: 150-1000 m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY; IT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler 3791 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Aechmea longifolia (Rudge) L.B. Sm. & M.A. Spencer, Phytologia 72: 97. 1992. Basionym: Bromelia longifolia Rudge, Guyan. I: 31, pI. 49. (1805) 1806. Synonym(s): Streptocalyx longifolius (Rudge) Baker, Handb. Bromel. 31. 1889. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 300-500 m. Type: Martin s.n. HT: BM. French Guiana. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 8538 (LPB, SEL). Aechmea mertensii (G. Mey.) Schult. & Schult.f., in Roem. & Schult., Syst. veg. 7(2): 1272.
1830. Basionyrn: Bromelia mertensii Mey.,
Prim. fl. esseq. 144. 1818. Dept.: BE, PA. Elevation: ca. 200 m. Type: E.K. Rodschied S.n. HT: GOET. Guyana. Voucher: S. Beck et al. 19320 (SEL). Aechmea setigera Mart. ex Schult. & Schult.f., in Roem. & Schult., Syst. veg. 7(2): 1273. 1830. Dept.: BE, SC. Elevation: 150-400 m. Type: C. Martius s.n. HT: M. Brazil. Voucher: S. Beck et al. 5978 (LPB, SEL). Aechmea tocantina Baker, Handb. Bromel. 39. 1889. Dept.: BE, SC. Elevation: 250-500 m. Type: Weddell 2365. HT: P. Brazil. Voucher: R. Vasquez et al. 1813 (VASQ). ANANAS Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Sm., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 7: 70. 1939. Basionym: Acanthostachys ananassoides Baker, Handb. Bromel. 25. 1889. Dept.: BE, LP, PA, Sc. Elevation: 150-900 m. Type: LT: Regnell (Ill) 1261 in part. HT: P. Brazil. Voucher: M. Moriies et al. 1633 (SEL). Ananas comosus (L.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. amboin. 133. 1917. Basionym: Bromelia comosa L., Herb. ambo 21. 1754. Dept.: Widely cultivated. Elevation: range unknown. Type: Type not yet selected. Voucher: M. Lewis 37568 (SEL).
206
ARAEOCOCCUS
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Araeococcus ftagellifolius Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 784. 1929. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 200-250 m. Type: Huebner 58. HT: B. Brazil. Voucher: A. Jardim et at. 53 (SEL). BILLBERGIA Billbergia brasilieusis L.B. Sm., Arq. Bot. Estado Sao Paulo II. 1: 105. 1943. Basionym: Helicodea leopoldii Versch. Hort ex Lem., Ill. Hort. 11: sub pi. 421. 1864. Synonym(s): Billbergia leopoldii (Versch. Hort. ex Lem.) Linden ex Houllet, Rev. Hort. 41: 87. 1869; non K. Koch 1857. Dept.: Unknown. Elevation: Unknown. Type: De Vos in Verschaffett Hortus s.n. Description and illustration. Brazil. Voucher: D. Beadle SU 126 (SEL). Billbergia cardenasii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 382. 1953. Dept.: CO? Elevation: Unknown. Type: Cardenas 4907. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: D. Beadle SU 029 (SEL). Endemic. Billbergia decora Poepp. & EndL, Nov. gen. sp. pI. 2: 42, t. 157. 1838. Synonym(s): Billbergia boliviensis Baker, Handb. Bromel. 81. 1889. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2400 m. Type: Poeppig s.n. HT: W (lost). Peru. Voucher: H. Rusby 2853 (NY). Cited for Bolivia in: Fi. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(3): 2021. 1979. Billbergia meyeri Mez, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 148. 1902. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 150-450 m. Type: Pilger 705. HT: B. Brazil. Voucher: R. Guillen 1910 (SEL). Billbergia microlepis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 8: 504. 1963. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 700-1500 m. Type: B. Krukoff 11158. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: A. Gentry et al. 44301 (SEL). Endemic. Billbergia robert-readii E. Gross & Rauh, Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 60: 89. 1987. Dept.:BE,LP. Elevation: 600-700 m. Type: Rauh 26163. lIT: HEID. Peru. Voucher: T. Kromer 137 (GOET, LPB, SEL). BiUbergia velascana M. cardenas, Bull. Bromeliad Soc. 7: 35. 1957. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 250-850 m.
Type: Father Lorenzo Hammerschmidt 5486. HT: Cardenas Herbarium (LlL ?). Bolivia. Voucher: D. Beadle SU 029A (SEL). Endemic. BiUbergia violacea Beer, Fam. Bromel. 116. 1856. Dept.: CO, SC. Elevation: 200-1600 m. Type: Appun S.n. HT: B? "Brazil" Guyana. Voucher: R. Vasquez & Ric 1845 (VASQ). Bromelia balansae Mez, in Mart., FI. bras. 3(3): 191. 1891. Dept.: BE, Sc. Elevation: 150-800 m. Type: Balansa 608. HT: G. Paraguay. Voucher: S. Beck 20689 (LPB, SEL). BROMELIA Bromelia hieronymi Mez, in Mart., Fl. bras. 3(3): 199. 1891. Dept.: SC, TA. Elevation: 250-700 m. Type: Hieronymus & Lorentz s.n. HT: B; IT: US. Argentina. Voucher: M. Nee & G. Coimbra S. 39933 (LPB). Bromelia serra Griseb., Abh. Konigi. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 328. 1879. Dept.: BE, LP, SC. Elevation: 150-1400 m. Type: Lorentz & Hieronymus s.n. LT: GOET. Argentina. Voucher: M. Moriies et at. 1631 (LPB, SEL). Bromelia vilIosa Mez, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30 (BeibI. 67): 3. 1901. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 400 m. Type: Glaziou 22191. HT: B. Brazil. Voucher: Fuentes 1148 (USZ). CATOPSIS Catopsis sessilillora (Ruiz & Pav.) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 625. 1896. Basionym: Tillandsia sessiliflora Ruiz & Pav., Fl. peruv. 3: 42, pl. 271, fig. b. 1802. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1250-1300 In. Type: Ruiz & Pavon S.n. HT: M; IT: B. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10320 (LPB, SEL). DEINACANTHON Deinacantbon urbanianum (Mez) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 13. 1896. Basionym: Rhodostachys urbaniana Mez, in Mart., Fl. bras. 3(3): 182. 1891. Dept.: sc. Elevation: 400 m. Type: Hieronymus s.n. HT: G; IT: B, CORD, GH, US. Argentina. Voucher: G. Navarro 2221 (USZ). Det. G. Navarro.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
DEUTEROCOHNIA Deuterocohnia bracteosa W. Till & L. Hrom., Bromelia 4(1): 19. 1997. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 3000 m. Type: L. Hromadnik 19029. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Deuterocohnia brevifolia (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Bradea 6: 144. 1993. Basionym: Navia brevifolia Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 332. 1879. Synonym(s): Abromeitiella brevifolia (Griseb.) A. Cast., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 36: 371. 1931; Abromeitiella pulvinata Mez, Bot. Archiv. 19: 460. 1927. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1700-2400 m. Type: Lorentz & Hieronymus 947 (in part). HT: GOET; IT: CORD. Argentina. Voucher: S. Beck 14276 (SEL). Deuterocohnia brevispicata Rauh & L. Hrom., Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 65: 5. 1988. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 1200-1300(-2050) m. Type: Hromadnik 5213. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: D. Cathcart B52 (SEL). Endemic. Deuterocohnia digitata L.B. Sm., Phytologia 18: 137. 1969. Dept.: CO, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 1900-2750 m. Type: Castellanos s.n. HT: BA; IT: US. Argentina. Voucher: 1. Vargas 3185 (SEL). Deuterocohnia glandulosa E. Gross, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 75: 5. 1990. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1200 m. Type: Hromadnik 5167. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Deuterocohnia longipetala (Baker) Mez, in Mart., Fl. bras. 3(3): 506. 1894. Basionym: Dyckia longipetala Baker, Handb. Bromel. 135. 1889. Dept.: CO, SC, TA. Elevation: 300-2100 m. Type: Humboldt & Bonpland 3595. HT: B. Peru. Voucher: J. Balcazar 100 (USZ, SEL). Deuterocohnia lorentziana (Mez) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Bradea 6: 144. 1993. Basionym: Pitcaimia iorentzina Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 974. 1896. Synonym(s): Abromeitiella lorentziana (Mez) A. Cast., Lilloa 10: 459. 1944. Dept.: PO, TA. Elevation: 2650-3150 m. Type: Lorentz s.n. HT: B. Argentina. Voucher: W. Till 62a (WU). Deuterocohnia lotteae (Rauh) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Bradea 6: 145. 1993. Basionym:
207
Abromeitiella lotteae Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 42: 5. 1983. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2700 m. Type: Hromadnik 5131. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: W. Till 62 A (WU). Endemic. Deuterocohnia meziana Kuntze ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 465. 1896. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 200-1350 m. Type: O. Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Brazil. Voucher: M. Nee 35601 (LPB). Deuterocohnia scapigera (Rauh & L. Hrom.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Bradea 6: 141-145. 1993. Basionym: Abromeitiella scapigera Rauh & L. Hrom., Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 60: 5. 1987. Dept.: CH, PO. Elevation: 1200-2400 m. Type: Hromadnik 5275. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 5085 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Deuterocohnia strobilifera Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 15, 1906. Dept.: CH, PO, TA. Elevation: 2500-3550 m. Type: Fiebrig 2933. HT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck 14122 (LPB). Det. G. Varadarajan. DYCKIA Dyckia crassifolia Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 79: 10. 1991. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 1200 m. Type: W. Rauh 40670. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Dyckia ferox Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 511. 1896. Synonym(s): Dyckia meziana 0. Kuntze, Revis. gen. pI. 3(2): 302. 1898. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 1200 m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Paraguay. Voucher: M. Cardenas 2679 (GH). Cited for Bolivia in: Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 543. 1974. Dyckia ferrnginea Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 533. 1896. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 300 m. Type: Kuntze S.n. HT: NY. Brazil. Voucher: P. lbisch et ai. 93.0614 (FR, LPB, SEL). Dyckia gracilis Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 516. 1896. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 200-700 m. Type: D'Orbigny 1006. HT: P; IT: G. Bolivia. Voucher: A. Fuentes 1151 (LPB, USZ). Dyckia leptostachya Baker, Gard. Chron. 1884(2): 198. 1884.
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Synonym(s): Dyckia boliviensis Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 524. 1896. Dept.: CH, sc. Elevation: 350-500(-1850?) m. Type: Kew Hortus. HT: K. Brazil. Voucher: T. Killeen et al. 7030 (SEL). Dyckia pulquinensis Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 88. 1916. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 1500 m. Type: Herzog 1849. HT: L; IT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: G. Balcazar 35 (USZ). Endemic. FOSTERELLA Fosterella albicans (Griseb.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 171. 1960. Basionym: Cottendorfia albicans Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 330. 1879. Synonym(s): Lindmania alibcans -(Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 537. 1896. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 900-2150 m. Type: Lorentz & Hieronymus 502. HT: GOET; IT: B, CORD. Argentina. Voucher: B. Holst et al. 4837 (USZ, SEL). Fosterella cauIescens Rauh, Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 31: 23. 1979. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1200 m. Type: W. Rauh 40579A. HT: HEID. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Fosterella chaparensis Ibisch, Vasquez & Gross, Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(2): 118. 1999. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 600 m. Type: R. Vasquez & M.l. Vasquez 2792. HT: LPB; IT: FR, USZ. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Fosterella chiquitana Ibisch, Vasquez & Gross, Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(2): 118. 1999. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 500 m. Type: P. Ibisch 98.0125. HT: LPB; IT: USZ. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Fosterella cotacajensis M. Kessler, P. Ibisch & E. Gross. Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(2): 111. 1999. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2000-2200 m. Type: Kessler et al. 9620. HT: LPB; IT: SEL. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5531 (LPB). Endemic. Fosterella elata H. Luther, Selbyana 5: 310. 1981. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 900-1500 m.
Type: Luer et al. s.n. HT: SEL; IT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5726 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Fosterella floridensis Ibisch, Vasquez & Gross, Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(2): 120. 1999. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 1100-1450 m. Type: 1bisch & Ibisch 97.83. HT: LPB; IT: FR, USZ. Bolivia. Voucher: Vasquez 1808 (JBSCZ). Endemic. Fosterella gracilis (Rusby) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 171. 1960. Basionym: Catopsis gracilis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 489. 1910. Synonym(s): Lindmania gracilis (Rusby) L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb 104: 78. 1934. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 500 m. Type: R.S. Williams 738. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: White 1086 (NY). Cited in FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 209. 1974. Endemic. Fosterella graminea (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 171. 1960. Basionym: Lindmania graminea L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 93. 1948. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 7oo-900(-1450?) m. Type: Buchtien 417. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler 4100 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Fosterella heterophylla Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 60: 24. 1987. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1000 m. Type: W. Rauh 40583A. HT: HEID. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Fosterella latifolia Ibisch, Vasquez & Gross, Rev. Soc. Bol. Bot. 2(2): 123. 1999. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 450-1000 m. Type: P. Ibisch 98.0098. HT: LPB; IT: FR, USZ. Bolivia. Voucher: Ibisch 98.0173 (USZ). Endemic. Fosterella pearcei (Baker) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 172. 1960. Basionym: Cottendorfia pearcei Baker, Handb. Bromel. 128. 1889. Synonym(s): Lindmania pearcei (Baker) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 537. 1896. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 750-900 m. Type: Pearce s.n. HT: BM. Bolivia. Voucher: B. Krukoff 10328 (GH, LPB, NY). Cited for Bolivia in Fl. Neotr. 14(1): 202. 1974. Endemic. Fosterella penduliflora (C.H. Wright) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 172. 1960. Basionym: Catopsis pendulifiora C.H. Wright, Bull. Misc. Inform. 1910: 197. 1910. Synonym(s): Lindmania pendulifiora (C.H. Wright) Stapf, Bot. Mag. 150: pi. 9029. 1924.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Dept.: CH, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 550-1450 m. Type: Forget S.n. HT: K. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 4214 (LPB, SEL). Fosterella rojasii (LB. Sm.) LB. Sm., Revista Argent. Agron. 7: 162. 1940. Basionym: Lindmania rojasii LB. Sm., Phytologia 7: 172. 1960. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 450-500 m. Type: Rojas 6771. HT: GH. Paraguay. Voucher: H. Amerhauser 5 (WU). Fosterella rusbyi (Mez) LB. Sm., Phytoiogia 7: 172. 1960. Basionym: Lindmania rushyi Mez, Bot. J ahrb. Syst. 30 (BeibL 67): 6. 1901. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 850-1500(-1800?) m. Type: Bang 2571. HT: B; IT: BM, F, G, GH, K, NY, US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Lewis 36936 (MO, SEL). "cf.". Fosterella schidosperma (Baker) LB. Sm., Phytologia 8: 500. 1963. Basionym: Chlorophytum schidospermum Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 326. 1876. Synonym(s): Cottendorfia rushyi Baker, BulL Torrey Bot. Club 29: 697. 1902, non Lindmania rusbyi Mez, 1901; Lindmania schidosperma (Baker) P. Ravenna, Wrightia 7(3): 253. 1983. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 750-2000 m. Type: Lechler 2382. HT: CGE?; IT: G? Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 7786 (LPB, SEL). "cf.". Fosterella spectabilis H. Luther, J. Bromeliad Soc. 47: 118. 1997. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 1700 m. Type: Cathcart B 17. HT: SEL; IT: LPB, MO, NY, US, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Fosterella vasquezii E. Gross & P. Ibisch, J. Bromeliad Soc. 47: 212. 1997. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 200-850 m. Type: Ibisch et at. 930652. HT: HElD; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: F. Mamani & A. Jardim 126J(USZ, SEL). Endemic. Fosterella villosula (Harms) LB. Sm., Phytologia 7: 172. 1960. Basionym: Lindmania villosula Harms, NotizbL Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 794. 1929. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 800-1600 m. Type: Werdermann 2120. HT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 4109 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. FostereHa weddelliana (Brongn. ex Baker) LB. Sm., Phytologia 7: 172. 1960. Basionym: Cottendorfia weddelliana Brongn. ex Baker, Handb. BrameL 129. 1889. Synonym(s): Lindmania weddelliana (Brongn. ex
209
Baker) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 538. 1896. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 900-1800 m. Type: Weddell 4233. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Lewis 40425 (LPB, MO, SEL). Endemic. GREIGIA Greigia atrocastanea H. Luther, Selbyana 19: 218. 1998 [1999]. Dept.: LP. Elevation: (2500?-)3300 m. Type: E. Garcia 1977. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 12135 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Greigia cochabambae H. Luther, Selbyana 19: 83. 1998. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2100-2700 m. Type: M. Kessler et al. 7111. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 12132 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Greigia kessleri H. Luther, Selbyana 19: 83. 1998. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2200-3250 m. Type: M. Kessler et al. 9067. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 10519 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. GUZMANIA Guzmania besseae H. Luther, Selbyana 5: 310. 1981. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 1950-2600 m. Type: L. Besse et at. 669. HT: SEL; IT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch & c. 1bisch 93.0111 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania bipartita L.B. Sm., Phytologia 6: 437. 1959. Dept.: LP, Sc. Elevation: 1200-1500 m. Type: Asplund 19474. HT: S. Ecuador. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10092 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania calothyrsus Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 910. 1896. Dept.: BE, CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 200-1300 m. Type: Poeppig 1224. HT: W (lost). Peru. Voucher: T. Kriimer et at. 57 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania danielii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 360. 1953. Dept.: CO, LP? Elevation: 1700-2700 m. Type: Daniel 3350. HT: OH; IT: US. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9027 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania gioriosa (Andre) Andre ex Mez, in C.
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DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 922. 1896. Basionym: Caraguata gloriosa Andre, Enum. BromeI. 5. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 565. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1300-1600 m. Type: Andre 3791. HT: K. Ecuador. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 7446 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania killipiana L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 29. 1932. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1150-2500 m. Type: Killip & Smith 25630. HT: US. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 6957 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania Jingulata (L.) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 899. 1896. Basionym: Tillandsia lingulata L., Sp. pI. 1: 286. 1753. Dept.: LP, SC. Elevation: 500-1450 m. Type: Plumier s.n. HT: P. West Indies. Voucher: M. Saldias & L. Arroyo 3572 (SEL). Guzmania marantoidea (Rusby) H. Lutber, Selbyana 19: 86. 1998. Basionym: Tillandsia marantoidea Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. pI. 4. 1920. Synonym(s): Guzmania rio-nievensis Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 50: 22. 1984. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1300-2650 m. Type: Bang 2570. HT: NY; IT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 7843 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania melinonis Regel, Gartenfiora 34: 116. 1885. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 300-1200 m. Type: Linden in Petrograd Hortus s.n. HT: LE. French Guiana. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 8058 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 905. 1896. Basionym: Renealmia monostachia L., Sp. pI. 1: 287. 1753. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1300 m. Type: Plumier S.n. HT: P. West Indies. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10305 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania morreniana (Linden Hortus) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 932. 1896. Basionym: Massangea morreniana Linden Hortus, Cat. Expos. Brux. 1880. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2200-2300 m. Type: E. Morren Hortus s.n. CT: LG. Soutb America. Voucher: S. Beck 22273 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania remediosensis E. Gross, Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 95: 20. 1997. Dept.: LP. Elevation: Unknown. Type: M. Miyagawa s.n. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic.
Guzmania retusa L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28(1): 143. 1951. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1300-1700 m. Type: J. Steyermark 60677. HT: E Venezuela. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 7401 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania roezlii (E. Morren) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 948. 1896. Basionym: Schlumbergeria roezli E. Morren, Belgique Hort. 28: 311. 1878. Dept.: BE, CO, LP. Elevation: 550-1450 m. Type: Roezl in Morren Hortus S.n. CT: LG. Peru. Voucher: T. Kromer 185 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania sphaeroidea (Andre) Andre ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 942. 1896. Basionym: Caraguata sphaeroidea Andre, Enum. Bromel. 6. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 566. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1150-1500 m. Type: Andre 2685. HT: K. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 11282 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania squarrosa (Mez & Sodiro) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 403. 1953 [1954]. Basionym: Thecophyllum squarrosum Mez & Sodiro, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4: 877. 1904. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1850-2700 m. Type: Sodiro 47. HT: B. Ecuador. Voucher: S. Beck 21288 (LPB, SEL). Guzmania tarapotina Ule, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 48: 147. 1907. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 600(-2350) m. Type: Ule 6683. HT: B. Peru. Voucher: S. Beck 24037 (LPB, SEL).
MEZOBROMELIA
Mezobromelia capituIigera (Griseb.) J.R. Grant, Phytologia 74: 428. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia capituligera Griseb., Cat. pI. Cub. 254. 1866. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1300-2200 m. Type: Wright 3275. HT: GOET; IT: GH. Cuba. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 7376 (LPB, SEL). Mezobromelia pleiosticha (Griseb.) Utley & H. Lutber, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 270. 1991. Basionym: Tillandsia pleiosticha Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-AugustsUniv. [1]: 19. 1864. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1300 m. Type: A. Fendler 1514. HT: GOET. Venezuela. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9869 (LPB, SEL).
PF;PINIA
Pepinia caricifolia (Mart. ex Schult. f.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297. 1988. Basion-
KROMER ET AL: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
ym: Pitcairnia caricifolia Mart. ex Schult. f., in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7(2): 1242. 1830. Dept.: PA, Sc. Elevation: 150-300 m. Type: C. Martius s.n. HT: M. Brazil. Voucher: T. Killeen et al. 5448 (SEL). PITCAIRNIA Pitcairnia amboroensis Ibisch, Vasquez, Grass & Kessler, J. Bromeliad Soc. 49: 129. 1999. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 500-600 m. Type: P. lbisch & c. lbisch 97.0004A. HT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 8660 (GOET, LPB, SEL). Endemic. Pitcairnia aurea Rusby ex L.B. Sm., Phytologia 19: 286. 1970. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 900 m. Type: H. Rusby 665. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic.
Pitcairnia brittoniana Mez, in C. DC., Managr.
211
Pitcairnia lanuginosa Ruiz & Pav., Fl. peruv. 3: 35. 1802; Phytologia 15: 195. 1967. Synonym(s): Orthophytum lanuginosum (Ruiz & Pav.) Beer, Fam. Bramel. 70. 1856; Pitcairnia sessiliflora Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 457. 1907. Dept.: CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 200-1300 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon S.n. HT: MA. Peru. Voucher:J. Solomon 14173 (LPB, SEL). Pitcairnia longissimiflora Ibisch, Vasquez, & Grass, J. Brameliad Soc. 49: 127. 1999. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 1000 m. Type: P. lbisch & c. lbisch 97.0097. HT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch & c. Ibisch 98.0225 (USZ). Endemic. Pitcairnia multiramosa Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 419. 1896. Synonym(s): Hepetis multiramosa (Mez) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 974. 1896. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 1900 m. Type: Weddell 3637. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Cardenas 5732 (US). Cited in FI. Neotrap. Monogr. 14(1): 306. 1974. Endemic. Pitcairnia odontopoda Baker, Handb. Bramel. 93. 1889. Synonym(s): Hepetis odontopoda (Baker) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 974. 1896. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1700-2500 m. Type: Pearce s.n. HT: K. Bolivia. Voucher: Eyerdam 25357 (F, UC). Cited in Fl. Neotrap. Monogr. 14(1): 319. 1974. Pitcairnia paniculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Ruiz & Pav., Syst. veg. fl. peruv. chi!. 3: 36. 1802. Basionym: Pourretia paniculata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. veg. fl. peruv. chi!. 1: 81. 1798. Synonym(s): Pitcairnia biattenuata Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 457. 1907. Dept.: CH, CO?, LP, Sc. Elevation: (500)1750-2000(-2550) m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. Herbarium of deposit unknown. Peru. Voucher: T. Kromer et al. 125 (LPB, SEL). Pitcairnia platystemon Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 421. 1896. Synonym(s): Hepetis platystemon (Mez) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 974. 1896. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: ca. 500 m. Type: D'Orbigny 937. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: P. Ibisch & Nowicki 990124 (USZ). Endemic. Pitcairnia riparia Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 416. 1913. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1300 m. Type: Weberbauer 6156. HT: B. Peru.
phan. 9: 451. 1896. Synonym(s): Hepetis brittoniana (Mez) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 973. 1896. Dept.: CO(?), LP. Elevation: 1200-1700 m. Type: Bang 592. HT: US; IT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: J. Solomon 9281 (LPB, SEL). Pitcairnia cardenasii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 8: 505. 1963. Dept.: CH, LP, SC. Elevation: 800-2000 m. Type: Cardenas 4648. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Guardia et al. 230 (SEL). Endemic. Pitcairnia crassa L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 94. 1948. Dept.: LP, SC. Elevation: 700-1400 m. Type: Cardenas 3690. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: T. Kromer et al. 126 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Pitcairnia divaricata Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 81. 1916. Dept.: LP, SC, TA? Elevation: 900-1300(-1900) m. Type: Herzog 1212. HT: L; IT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck 1765 (LPB). Endemic. Pitcairnia inermis (E. Mey.) E. Mey. ex Schult . & Schult. f., in Roem. & Schult., Syst. veg. 7(2): 1238. 1830. Basionym: Pourretia inermis E. Mey., in C. Pres!, Re1iq. haenk. 1(2): 123. 1827. Dept.: Unknown. Elevation: Unknown. Type: Haenke S.n. HT: PRo Peru. Voucher: Pearce 521 (K). Cited for Bolivia in Fl. Neotrap. Monogr. 14(1): 326. 1974.
212 Voucher: M. Kessler 9806 (GOET, LPB).
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Volume 20(2) 1999
Pitcairnia trianae Andre, Enum. Bromel. 4. 13 Dec 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 564. 16 Dec 1888. Synonym(s): Hepetis trianae (Andre) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 974. 1896. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1650-2900 m. Type: Andre 2069. HT: K. Colombia. Voucher: T. Kromer 134 (LPB, SEL).
Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 2000 m. Type: P. lhisch & c. 1hisch 980040. HT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya cristata L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 95. 1948. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 3000 m. Type: Cardenas 3311. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya ctenorhyncha L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 49. 1954. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2500-4050 m. Type: Cardenas 4867. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Besse et ai. 6]8 (SEL). Endemic. Puya dyckioides (Baker) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 486. 1896. Basionym: Pitcairnia dyckioides Baker, Handb. Bromel. 118. 1889. Dept.: CH, SC, TA. Elevation: 2250-2400(-3750?) m. Type: Weddell 3739. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch & c. lbisch 93.1026 (SEL). "cf." . Puya entre-riosensis Ibisch & Gross, J. Bromeliad Soc. 48: 217. 1998. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1800 m. Type: P. Ibisch & c. Ibisch 93.1282. HT: LPB; IT: HEID. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya ferruginea (Ruiz & Pav.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 461. 1968. Basionym: Pitcairniaferruginea Ruiz & Pav., Fl. peruv. 3: 36. 1802. Synonym(s): Pitcairnia consimilis Baker, J. Bot. 19: 226, 266. 1881. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 1150-3800 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: BM. Peru. Voucher: J. Solomon 17336 (LPB, SEL). Puya fiebrigii Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 9. 1906. Dept.: TA? Elevation: Unknown. Type: Fiebrig 3210. LT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya fosteriana L.B. Sm., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 40: 216. 1950. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3900-4400 m. Type: M.B. Foster 2573. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: J. Solomon 18299 (MO, SEL). Endemic. Puya glabrescens L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 537. 1954. Dept.: CO, PO.
PSEUDANANAS Pseudananas sagenarius (Arruda) Camargo, Revista Agric. (Piracicaba) 14(7, 8): reprint p. 4. 1939. Basionym: Bromelia sagenaria Arruda, Diss. pI. Brazil 13. 1810. Dept.: BE, LP, SC. Elevation: 200-850 m. Type: Original description. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5386 (LPB, SEL). PuYA Puya alata L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 422. 1961. Dept.: PO. Elevation: 1000 m. Type: Cardenas 2851. HT: F. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya alba L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 49. 1954. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 800 m. Type: Cardenas 4952a. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya atra L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 536. 1954. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 2500-3500 m. Type: M.B. Foster 2551. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6610 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya brittoniana Baker, Handb. Bromel. 124. 1889. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3000-3800 m. Type: H. Rusby 2849. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: C. Varadarajan 1466 (LPB). Del. G. Varadarajan. Endemic. Puya cardenasii L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 94. 1948. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 3850-4000 m. Type: Cardenas 4082. HT: US; IT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: C. Varadarajan 1442 (LPB). Det. G. Varadarajan. Endemic. Puya claudiae Ibisch, Vasquez & Gross, J. Bromeliad Soc. 49: 132. 1999.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Elevation: 2550-3700 m. Type: Cardenas 4384. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Besse et al. 502 (SEL). Endemic. Puya giareosa L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 96. 1948. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3600 m. Type: Cardenas 3583. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya herzogii Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 86. 1916. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 3300-3950 m. Type: Herzog 2269. HT: L; IT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6581 (SEL). Endemic. Puya hofstenii Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 8. 1906. Synonym(s): Puya hauthalii Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 65. 1919. Dept.: CH, PO. Elevation: 3000-3500 m. Type: Hofsten 1710. HT: B. Argentina. Voucher: Hromadnik 19017a (WU). Puya hromadnikii Rauh. Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 41: 5. 1983. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2550-2700 m. Type: Hromadnik 5128. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: W. Till 60a (WU). Endemic. Puya humilis Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 498. 1896. Synonym(s): Puya werdermannii Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 793. 1929. Dept.: CH, CO, PO. Elevation: (2100-)2800-4200 m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: C. Varadarajan et al. 1451 (LPB, SEL). Det. G. Varadarajan. Endemic. Puya kuntzeana Mez. in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 490. 1896. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 1300 m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya lasiopoda L.B. Sm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 70: 153. 1935. Dept.: BE, LP? Elevation: 500(- J 850?) m. Type: H. Rusby 2232. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: J. Solomon 10862 (MO). "cf.". Puya laxa L.B. Sm., Phytologia 6: 195. 1958. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 1500-1900 m. Type: Cardenas 5092. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck 7100 (LPB). Det. G. Varadarajan. Endemic. Puya leptostachya L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 97. 1948.
213
Dept.: CO. Elevation: 3200-3400 m. Type: Cardenas 3581. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: C. Varadarajan et al. 1445 (LPB). Det. G. Varadarajan. Endemic. Puya meziana Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 85. 1916. Dept.: CO(?), LP. Elevation: (2200?-)3000-3600 m. Type: Herzog 2487. HT: L. Bolivia. Voucher: J. Solomon 13058 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya micrantha Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 8. 1906. Dept.: TAIArgentina border. Elevation: 1700 m. Type: Fiebrig 2244. HT: B; IT: BM, GH. Argentina. Voucher: No known collections from Bolivia. Puya minima L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 423. 1961. Synonym(s): Puya pusilla H. Luther, Bromelia 4(4): 30 Nov. 1997 [1998]. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2500-2650 m. Type: West 8345. HT: Uc. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck & M. Libermann 14310 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya mirabilis (Mez) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 461. 1968. Basionym: Pitcairnia mirabilis Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 6. 1906. Dept.: CO, TA. Elevation: 1400-2600 m. Type: Fiebrig 2320. HT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch & Rojas 415 (LPB). Det. G. Varadarajan. Puya mollis Baker ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 488. 1896. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2400-3300 m. Type: Bang 1629. LT: K; ILT: BM, GH, US. Bolivia. Voucher: (Syntype) C. Mandan 1190 (BR, GH, MANCH, P, PL, STU, WU, Z). Cited in FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 123. 1974. Endemic. Puya nana Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 85. 1916. Synonym(s): Pitcairnia nana (Wittm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 5. 1959; 10: 30. 1964. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: (1350-)1700-2100 m. Type: Herzog 1856a. HT: L. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6356 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya olivacea Wittm., Rijks-Herb. 29: 83. 1916; emend. L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 29: 538. 1954. Synonym(s): Pitcairnia olivacea (Wittm.) Mez in Engler, Pfianzenr. IV, 32: 247. 1935. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 950-2000 m. Type: Herzog 1216. HT: L. Bolivia. Voucher: J. Solomon & M. Nee 17936 (MO, SEL). Endemic.
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Volume 20(2) 1999
Puya paupera Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 14. 1906. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2600 m. Type: Fiebrig 2005. HT: B. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya pearcei (Baker) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 480. 1896. Basionym: Pitcairnia pearcei Baker, Handb. Bromel. 120. 1889. Dept.: CO, LP, SC? Elevation: 750-2800 m. Type: Pearce s.n. HT: K. Bolivia. Voucher: A. Gentry et al. 44254 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya pendulifiora L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 12. 1932. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1400 m. Type: Buchtien 7182. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya potosina L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 423. 1961. Dept.: CR, PO. Elevation: (2050-)3400 m. Type: Cardenas 3738. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4804 (LPB). Endemic. Puya prosanae Ibisch & E. Gross, 1. Bromeliad Soc. 43: 212. 1993. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 3500-3800 m. Type: P. Ibisch & c. Ibisch 625A. HT: HElD; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya raimondii Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. BerlinDahlem 10: 213. 1928. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: (2400-)3000-4200 m. Type: Weberbauer 2955. HT: B. Peru. Voucher: G. & D. Schmitt (LPB, SEL). Puya reducta L.B. Sm., Phytoiogia 10: 472. 1964. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2600 m. Type: Cardenas 5687. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya riparia L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 424. 1961. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1350(-3950) m. Type: M.B. Foster 2578. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck 11277 (LPB). Det. A. Gilmartin. Endemic. Puya rusbyi (Baker) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 482. 1896. Basionym: Pitcaimia rusbyi Baker, Handb. Bromel. 122. 1889. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3000-3600 m. Type: H. Rusby 2846. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: West 6402 (UC). Cited in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 89. 1974.
Puya sanctae-crucis (Baker) L.B. Sm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 70: 154. 1935. Basionym: Pitcaimia sanctae-crucis Baker, Handb. Bromel. 120. 1889. Synonym(s): Pitcaimia robusta Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 488. 1910. Dept.: LP, SC. Elevation: 1300-2450 m. Type: Castelnau s.n. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Besse et al. 636 (SEL). Endemic. Puya secunda L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 424. 1961. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 1800-3000 m. Type: Cardenas 4381. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch 14074 (LPB). Endemic. Puya serranoensis Raub, Trop. SUbtrop. Pflanzenwelt 41: 14. 1983. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 1700-2600 m. Type: Hromadnik 5230. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: l. Vargas & Fuentes 3046 (SEL). Endemic. Puya solomonii Varad., J. Bromeliad Soc. 39: 12l. 1989. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3050 m. Type: G. Varadarajan, U. Varadarajan & J. Solomon 1471. HT: GH; IT: LPB, MO, US, WS. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya spathacea (Griseb.) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 481. 1896. Basionym: Pitcaimia spathacea Griseb., Abh. KOnig!. Ges. Wiss. GOttingen 24: 329. 1879. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2050 m. Type: Hieronymus 175. HT: GOET; IT: CORD. Argentina. Voucher: E. Bastian 414 (LPB). Puya stenothyrsa (Baker) Mez. in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 481. 1896. Basionym: Pitcaimia stenothyrsa Baker, Handb. Bromel. 122. 1889. Synonym(s): Pitcaimia bangii Baker, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 124. 1896. Dept.: CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: (1350-)2700-3800 m. Type: Mandon 1189. HT: K; IT: GH, PI, US. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Hromadnik 19026 (WU). Endemic. Puya tristis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 10: 475. 1964. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 3900 m. Type: Cardenas 6067. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya trollii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 459. 1968.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Dept.: PO. Elevation: 3350 m. Type: Troll 661. HT: M. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck et al. 26787 (LPB). Endemic. Puya tuberosa Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 483. 1896; emend. L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 539. 1954. Dept.: SC, TA. Elevation: 1000-2750 m. Type: Haenke S.n. HT: M. Bolivia. Voucher: Cardenas 4647 (US). Cited in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 120. 1974. Endemic. Puya tunariensis Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 498. 1896. Dept.: CO. Elevation: (2000-)3150-3800 m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 6830 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Puya ugentiana L.B. Sm., Phytologia 13: 147. 1966. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 1900-1950 m. Type: Ugent 4998. HT: US; IT: WIS. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Hromadnik 19066 (WU). Endemic. Puya ultima L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 540. 1954. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1500-2200 m. Type: M.B. Foster 2575. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10574 (SEL). Endemic. Puya valida L.B. Sm., Phytologia 10: 474. 1964. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 2500 m. Type: Cardenas 6012. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya vallo-grandensis Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 41: 9. 1983. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 2000-2250 m. Type: Hromadnik 5279. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: P. 1bisch & c. 1bisch 93.0861 (SEL). Endemic. Puya vasquezii P. Ibisch & E. Gross, Rev. Soc. Boliviana Bot. 2(1): 26. 1998. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 600 m. Type: R. Vasquez et al. 2025. HT: LPB; IT: NY, USZ. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Puya weberbaueri Mez, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2,4: 633. 1904. Dept.: LP. Elevation: Unknown. Type: Weberbauer 847. HT: B. Peru.
215
Voucher: Cardenas 5534 (US). Cited for Bolivia in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(1): 148. 1974. Puya weddelliana (Baker) Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 475. 1896. Basionym: Pitcairnia weddelliana Baker, Handb. Bromel. 12. 1889. Dept.: CH, TA. Elevation: 1800-3000 m. Type: Weddell 4001. HT: P. Bolivia. Voucher: L. Hromadnik 19046a (WU). Endemic." Puya sp. 1. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1450 m. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10386 (LPB, SEL). RACINAEA Racinaea cr. riocreuxii (Andre) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia'74: 156. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia riocreuxii Andre, Enum. Bromel. 7. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 567. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 3250 m. Type: Andre 4408. HT: K. Ecuador. Voucher: B. Herzog 368 (LPB). Racinaea flexuosa (Baker) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 154. 1993. Basionym: Catopsisjlexuosa Baker, J. Bot. 25: 175. 1887. Synonym(s): Tillandsia bakeri L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 95: 45. 1931. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2100-2700 m. Type: Mandon 1172. HT: K. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 12495 (LPB, SEL). Racinaea kessleri H. Luther, SeJbyana 19: 86. 1998. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2200-3100 m. Type: M. Kessler et at. 8380. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9541 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Racinaea monticola (Mez & Sodiro) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phyto10gia 74: 155. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia monticola Mez & Sodiro, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4: 1135. 1904. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 750-850 m. Type: Sodiro 171/33. HT: B; IT: F, GH. Ecuador. Voucher: O. Buchtien 1266 (US). Cited for Bolivia in FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 1038. 1977. Racinaea nervibractea (Gilmartin & H. Luther) J.R. Grant, Phyto10gia 74: 429. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia nervibractea Gilmartin & H. Luther, J. Bromeliad Soc. 40(6): 250. 1990. Dept.: CO, SC. Elevation: 2100-2150 m. Type: Kalmbacher S.n. HT: US. Ecuador. Voucher: P. 1bisch 93.1537 (LPB, SEL). Racinaea pardina (L.B. Sm.) M.A. Spencer & L.B.
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TILLANDSIA
Sm., Phytologia 74: 155. 1993. Basionym: TUlandsia pardina L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 98. 1948. Dept.: LP, Sc. Elevation: 1300-1700 m. Type: Buchtien 7183. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9871 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Racinaea parvifiora (Ruiz & Pav.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 156. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia parvijlora Ruiz & Pav., FL peruv. 3: 41. 1802. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: (500-)950-2500 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: BM. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler 11655 (LPB, SEL). Racinaea pendulispica (Mez) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 156. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia pendulispica Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 745. 1896. Synonym(s): Tillandsia triangularis Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. pI. 3. 1920. Dept.: CO. Elevation: Unknown (> 2500 m?). Type: Poeppig 1348. HT: G; IT: W (lost). Peru. Voucher: M. Bang s.n. (NY). Cited for Bolivia in FL Neotop. Monogr., 14(2): 1040. 1977. Racinaea schumanniana (Wittm.) J.R. Grant, Novon 4: 363. 1994. Basionym: Catopsis schumanniana Wittm., Bot. lahrb. Syst. 11: 70. 1890. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1050-2700 m. Type: Lehmann 22. HT: G. Colombia. Voucher: 1. Solomon 9189 (SEL). Racinaea seemannii (Baker) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 157. 1993. Basionym: Guzmania seemannii Baker, Handb. Bramel. 153. 1889. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2100-3500 m. Type: Seemann 898. HT: K. Ecuador. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6648 (LPB, SEL). Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 157. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb., Nachr. Konig!. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. [1]: 17. 1864. Synonym(s): Tillandsia brittoniana Baker, Handb. Bramel. 195. 1889; Tillandsia micrantha Baker, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 698. 1902. Dept.: BE, CO, SC, LP. Elevation: 300-2500 m. Type: A. Fendler 1518. HT: GOET. Venezuela. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 7741 (LPB, SEL). Racinaea tetrantha (Ruiz & Pav.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 158. 1993. Basionym: Tillandsia tetrantha Ruiz & Pav., F!. peruv. 3: 39, pi 265. 1802. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2400-2750 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: MA. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al.10421 (SEL).
Tillandsia acuminata L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Nat!. Herb. 29: 434. 1951. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2000-2750 m. Type: M.E. Foster & L.E. Smith 1402. HT: GH. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5565 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia adpressifiora Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 661.1896. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 200-250 m. Type: Wullschlaegel 1335. HT: BM. Suriname. Voucher: S. Halloy et al. 4406 (SEL). Tillandsia aizoides Mez, in C. DC,. Monogr. phan. 9: 866.1896. Dept.: PO, TA. Elevation: 2100-2800 m. Type: Hieronymus & Niederlein 850. HT: B; IT: CORD. Argentina. Voucher: H. Hromadnik & L. Hromadnik 5086 (WU). TiUandsia argentina C.H. Wright, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 60. 1907. Dept.: CH, TA. Elevation: 800-1950 m. Type: Stuckert s.n. HT: K. Argentina. Voucher: S. Beck & M. Libermann 14275 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia asplundii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 6: 441. 1959. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 1350-2500 m. Type: Asplund 19279. HT: S; IT: US. Ecuador. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6975 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia australis Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 75. 1919. Synonym(s): Tillandsia maxima Lillo & Hauman, Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 29: 245,416. 1917, non Strangeways, 1882. Dept.: CH, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 800-2100(-3100) m. Type: Lorentz & Hieronymus 287. HT: LIL; IT: B, CORD, US. Argentina. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4946 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia bandensis Baker, J. Bot. 25: 234. 1887. Synonym(s): Tillandsia pilosa L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 175. 1960. Dept.: CH, CO, SC, TA. Elevation: (600-)1200-2200 m. Type: Tweedie S.n. HT: K. Uruguay. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5914 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia bermejoensis H. Hromadnik, Trap. Subtrap. Pflanzenwelt 31: 9. 1979. Dept.: Sc. Elevation: 850-1450 m. Type: Hromadnik 3054. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: D. Cathcart 16 (SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia biflora Ruiz & Pav., FL peruv. 3: 41. 1802.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2100-2800 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: MA. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 9556 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia boliviana Mez, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4: 1l30. 1904. Dept.: CH7, LP7. Elevation: 15007-2730? m. Type: Bang 2202. HT: B; IT: BM, F, G, GH, K, LE, M, MICH, MO, 0, US, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4535 (LPB, SEL). "cf.". Endemic. Tillandsia boliviensis Baker, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4(3): 267. 1895; emend. Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 15. 1932. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2800-3600 m. Type: Bang 159 A. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: Buchtien 808 (US). Cited in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 769. 1977. Endemic. Tillandsia cr. buseri Mez, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 3: 145. 1903. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2750 m. Type: Langlasse 102-A. HT: G; IT: K. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 12044 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia caliginosa W. Till, PI. Syst. Evol. 147: 282. 1984. Basionym: Tillandsia crocata (E. Morren) Baker var. tristis Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 43: 17. 1983, non T. tristis Mez 1896. Dept.: CH, CO. PO, TA. Elevation: 1900-3000 m. Type: D. Muhr s.n. HT: HEID. Argentina. Voucher: P. 1bisch & c. 1bisch 93.0329 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia calochlamys Ehlers & L. Hrom., Die Bromelie 2/1998: 38. 1998. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2800-3550 m. Type: R. Ehlers EB952403. HT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: W. Till 158 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia camargoensis L. Hrom., Die Bromelie 111991: 9. 1991. Dept.: CH, PO. Elevation: 2300-3000 m. Type: Hromadnik 5073 A. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: E. Haugg 7023 (WU). in part. Endemic. Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz & Pav., FI. peruv. 3: 42. 1802. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, OR, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 900-4000 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon S.n. LT: BM; ILT: BM, MA. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6502 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia cardenasii L.B. Sm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 70: 154. 1935. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, TA. Elevation: 1700-3400 m. Type: Cardenas 491. HT: GH. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4832 (LPB, SEL). Endemic.
217
Tillandsia carnosa L.B. Sm., Phytologia 9: 251. 1963. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 900-3000 m. Type: J. Wurdack 603. HT: US; IT: USM. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5752 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia caulescens Brongn. ex Baker, Handb. Bromel. 168. 1889. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 850 - J 550 m. Type: Gay 1186. HT: P. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5808 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia cochabambae E. Gross & Rauh, Die Bromelie 2/86: 14. 1986. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2400-2700 m. Type: W. Rauh 40609. HT: HElD. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia colganii Ehlers, J. Bromeliad Soc. 47: 103. 1997. Dept.: SC. Elevation: 2700-3200 ill. Type: R. Ehlers EB 951002. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: R. Ehlers 951101 (WU). Det. R. Ehlers. Endemic. Tillandsia comarapaensis H. Luther, J. Bromeliad Soc. 34: 54. 1984. Dept.: CH, CO, SC. Elevation: (400-)1550-2600 m. Type: L. Besse et al. 1713. HT: SEL. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4605 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia compacta Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. [1]: 18. 1864. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2000 m. Type: A. Fendler 1508. HT: GOET; IT: K. Venezuela. Voucher: L. Dorr 7052 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia compianata Benth., Bot. voy. Sulphur 173. 1846. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: (300-)1050-2900 m. Type: Sinclair s.n. HT: K. Ecuador. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 7010 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia confinis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 218. 1953. Synonym(s): Tillandsia subtropicalis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 8: 505. 1963. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 1300-1600 m. Type: Ferreyra 1686. HT: USM. Peru. Voucher: J. Solomon 9253 (LPB, MO, SEL). Tiliandsia cotagaitensis L. Hrom., PI. Syst. Evo!. 147: 284, 1984. Dept.: PO. Elevation: 3000 m.
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Volume 20(2) 1999
Type: Hromadnik 5093. HT: WU; IT: LI, NY, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: W. Till 42 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia denudata Andre, Enum. Bromel. 8. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 568. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1250 m. Type: Andre 1358. HT: HElD. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5587 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia didisticha (E. Morren) Baker, J. Bot. 26: 16. 1888. Basionym: Anoplophytum didistichum E. Morren, Belgique Hort. 31: 164. 1881. Synonym(s): Guzmania complanata Wittm., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 29: 92. 1916. Dept.: BE, CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-2450 m. Type: Jacob Matoy Hortus s.n. HT: LG. Brazil. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5584 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia duratii Visiani, Nuovi. Saggi r. Accad. Sci. Padova 5: 271. 1840. Synonym(s): Tillandsia weddellii Baker, Handb. Bromel. 181. 1889. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 400-2250 m. Type: Padua Hortus s.n. HT: PAD. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5912 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia edithae Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 8: 19. 1974. Dept.: CH, LP, SC. Elevation: 750-2700 m. Type: Krahn K 295. HT: HElD; IT: US, HAL. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 12314 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia engleriana Wittm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 11: 63. 1890. Dept.: CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 1700-2500 m. Type: Lehmann 520. HT: G-B. Colombia. Voucher: D. Smith 13442 (LPB, MO). Tillandsia erici Ehlers, Die Bromelie 111998: 20. 1998. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1800-2200 m. Type: E. Haugg & E. Heger 11247. HT: WU; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Tillandsia fendleri Griseb., Nachr. Konigi. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. [l): 17. 1864. Dept.: BE, CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 700-2200(-3000) m. Type: A. Fendler 1515. HT: GOET. Venezuela. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9868 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia funebris A. Cast., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 37: 502. 1933. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 400-2100 m. Type: Schreiter 1689. HT: BA; IT: B, GH, LIL. Argentina.
Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4710 (LPB, SEL, WU). Tillandsia gerdae Ehlers, Die Bromelie 2/87: 32. 1987. Dept.: CH, CO. Elevation: (1700-)2000-2600 m. Type: E. Haugg 7163. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: E. Haugg 8283 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia gilliesii Baker, J. Bot. 16: 240. 1878. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, TA. Elevation: 1800-3200 m. Type: Gillies s.n. HT: K; IT: CGE, GH. Argentina. Voucher: M. Cardenas 2418 (GH). Cited for Bolivia in FI. Neotop. Monogr. 14(2): 885. 1977. Tillandsia basei Ehlers & L. Hrom., Die Bromelie 311996: 176. July 1997. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 3100 m. Type: F. Hase et al. EB 951501. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: L Hromadnik 19046 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia hegeri Ehlers, Die Bromelie 2/1994: 33. 1994. Dept.: CH, TA. Elevation: 270-2750 m. Type: E. Heger s.n. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: L Hromadnik 19028 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia helmutii L. Hrom., Die Bromelie 3/ 1990: 63. Jan. 1990 [1991). Dept.: CH. Elevation: 1700-1800 m. Type: L. & H. Hromadnik 13009. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: L & H. Hromadnik 5028 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia hirta w. Till & L. Hrom., PI. Syst. Evoi. 147: 285. 1984. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, TA. Elevation: 2500-3700 m. Type: L & R. Hromadnik HR 5001. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: L Hromadnik 19092 (WU). Tillandsia imporaensis R. Ehlers, Die Bromelie 3/ 1998: 76. 1998. Dept.: CH, CO. Elevation: 3050 m. Type: E. Haugg 7078. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: G. Kohres & L. KiJhres s.n. (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia ionochroma Andre ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 801. 1896. Dept.: CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 2000-3600 m. Type: Andre 2746. HT: K; IT: NY. Ecuador. Voucher: S. Beck 14469 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia ixioides Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 333. 1879. Dept.: CH, TA. Elevation: 1700-2200 m.
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Type: Lorentz 1196. HT: B; IT: BM, G-B, GOET, K, M, US. Argentina. Voucher: M. Cardenas 4093 (GH, US). Cited for Bolivia in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 821. 1977. Tillandsia jucunda A. Cast., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 36: 56. 1929. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 2300-2700 m. Type: Schreiter 26/2367. HT: BA. Argentina. Voucher: W. Till 20 (WU). Tillandsia juncea (Ruiz & Pav.) Poir., Encycl. suppl. 5: 309. 1817. Basionym: Bonapartea juncea Ruiz & Pav., FI. peruv. 3: 38. 1802. Dept.: BE, CO, LP, PA, SC. Elevation: 800-1400(-2000) m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: MA. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5595 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia kessleri H. Luther, Selbyana 20: 10. 1999. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2600-2900 m. Type: M. Kessler et at. 9557. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 9557 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia koehresiana Ehlers, Die Bromelie 3/ 1990: 59. 1990 [Jan. 1991]. Dept.: CO, PO. Elevation: 2000-2750 m. Type: K6hres S.n. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: P. lbisch 216 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia krukoffiana L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 154: 36. 1945. Dept.: BE, CO, LP, SC? Elevation: 850-2200(-2700) m. Type: B. Krukoff 10503. HT: GH;. IT: K, MICH, NY, S. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4495 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia kuehhasii W. Till, Die Bromelie 2/1995: 33. 1995. Dept.: CH, PO? Elevation: 3600 m. Type: E. Kirschnek & F. Kuehhas S.n. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: R. Ehlers 950601 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia kuntzeana Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 790. J 896. Dept.: CO, LP? Elevation: 1300-2100(-3050) m. Type: Kuntze s.n. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 6675 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia laxissima Mez, BulL Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 5: 108. 1905, Dept.: SC, LP. Elevation: 1250-1300 m. Type: Bang 2301 (in part). HT: B; IT: G, GH, LE, M, MO, NY, PH, US, W, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler 4064 (LPB). Endemic.
219
Tillandsia loliacea Mart. ex Schult. & Schult.f., in Roem. & Schult., Syst. veg. 7(2): 1204. 1830. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-1400(-2200) m. Type: C. Martius s.n. HT: M. Brazil. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5197 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia longifolia Baker, Handb. Bromel. 185. 1889. Dept.: CO, SC? Elevation: 2000-2100(-2600) m. Type: A. Fendler 1522. HT: K; IT: GH. Venezuela. Voucher: P. 1bisch & c. 1bisch 93.1628 (SEL). Tillandsia lorentziana Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 19: 271.1874. Synonym(s): Tillandsia lorentziana f. simplex 0. Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. 3(2): 304. 1898. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 350-3300 m. Type: Lorentz 69. HT: B; IT: CORD. Argentina. Voucher: P. 1bisch & c. 1bisch 93.0208 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia lotteae H. Hrom., J. Bromeliad Soc. 28: 263. 1978. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, SC. Elevation: (900-)1550-2900 m. Type: H. Hromadnik PB 77. HT: HElD; IT: HAL. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et at. 4715 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia mandonii E. Morren ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 871. 1896. Dept.: LP, TA. Elevation: 1400-2650 m. Type: Mandon 1180. LT: not selected; ILT: BM,GH,K,PI,S,W. Bolivia. Voucher: W. Till 73 (WU). Tillandsia moms H. Hrom. & W. Till, PI. Syst. Evol. 142: 123. 1983. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 2700 m. Type: H. Hromadnik 9088. HT: WU; IT: B, HAL, K, LI, NY, W, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: E. Heger s.n. (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia muhriae W. Weber, Feddes Repert. 97: 101. 1986. Synonyrn(s): Tillandsia alberi Ehlers, Die Bromelie 4/87: 55. 1987. Dept.: PO. Elevation: 2650-3400 m. Type: Muhr s.n. HT: HAL. Argentina. Voucher: E. Haugg 7029 (WU). Tillandsia myosura Griseb. ex Baker, J. Bot. 16: 240. 1878. Dept.: CH, CO, PO, TA. Elevation: 1900-3200 m. Type: Lorentz 122. HT: BM; IT: B, NY. Argentina. Voucher: S. Beck & M. Libermann 14268 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia nana Baker, Handb. Bromel. 172. 1889.
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Synonym(s): Tillandsia calocephala Wittm., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 29: 90. 1916. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 3150 m. Type: Gay s.n. HT: P. Peru. Voucher: Shepard 234 (GH, US). cited for Bolivia in FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 807. 1977. Tillandsia oropezana L. Hrom., Die Bromelie 1/ 89: 14. 1989. Dept.: CH. Elevation: 1800 m. Type: H. Hromadnik 9012. HT: WU; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Tillandsia paleacea C. PresJ, Re1iq haenk. 1(2): 125. 1827. Synonym(s): Tillandsia scalarifolia Baker, I. Bot. 25: 235. 1887. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2600 m. Type: Haenke S.n. HT: PR. Chile. Voucher: Julio 158 (BM, US). Cited for Bolivia in: FI. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(2): 863. 1977. Tillandsia paraensis Mez, in Mart., FI. bras. 3(3): 586. 1894. Dept.: LP, PA, Sc. Elevation: 150-900 m. Type: Sieber 68. HT: BM. Brazil. Voucher: T. Kromer & A. Acebey 187 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia pedicellata (Mez) A. Cast., Lilloa 11: 144. 1945. Basionym: Tillandsia coarctata Gillies ex Baker vaT. pedicellata Mez, in C. DC., Monoge phan. 9: 865. 1896. Dept.: CH, LP, TA. Elevation: 2200-3000 m. Type: Hieronymus 795. LT: B; ILT: BM, CORD, GH, GOET. Argentina. Voucher: B. Holst et ai. 4958 (USZ). Tillandsia platyrachis Mez, in C. DC., Monoge phan. 9: 848. 1896. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 900 m. Type: Kalbreyer 1328. HT: K. Colombia. Voucher: T. Kromer et ai. 199 (GOET, LPB, SEL). Tillandsia pohliana Mez, in Mart., FI. bras. 3(3): 597. 1894. Dept.: BE, CH, LP, Sc. Elevation: 250-1700 m. Type: Pohl 3658. HT: W (lost). Brazil. Voucher: M. Kessler et ai. 4845 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia polystachia (L.) L., Sp. pI. (ed. 2) 1: 410. 1762. Basionym: Renealmia polystachia L., Sp. pI. 1: 286. 1753. Dept.: BE, LP, Sc. Elevation: 250-1200 m. Type: Plumier S.n. HT: P. West Indies. Voucher: M. Kessler et ai. 4157 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia pseudocardenasii W. Weber, Feddes Repert. 97: 103. 1986. Dept.: LP, Sc.
Elevation: 2300 m. Type: H. Hromadnik & L. Hromadnik 5323. HT: HAL; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: K Uhlig S.n. (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia pyramidata Andre, Bromel. Andr. 86. 1889; emend. Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. 3: 15. 1973. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 2400 m. Type: Andre 1522. HT: K. Colombia. Voucher: S. Beck 3142 (LPB). Del. L.B. Sm. Tillandsia rauschii Rauh & Lehmann, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 21: 41. 1977. Dept.: CH? Elevation: 2500? m. Type: Bot. Garten Heidelberg 31623 ( = Rausch s.n.). HT: HElD; IT: LPB, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection, without specific locality. Endemic. Tillandsia rectangula Baker, J. Bot. 16: 238. 1878. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 500-2100 m. Type: Lorentz 127. HT: K. Argentina. Voucher: E. Bastian 1295 (LPB). Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L., Sp. pI. (ed. 2) 1: 410. 1762. Basionym: Renealmia recurvata L., Sp. pI. 1: 287. 1753. Synonym(s): Tillandsia recurvata f. brevifolia Andre, Bromel. Andr. 65. 1889. Dept.: BE, CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-3100 m. Type: Sloane s.n. HT: BM; IT: B, GOET, M, P. Jamaica. Voucher: M. Kessler et ai. 6050 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia recurvifolia Hook., Bot. Mag. 87: pI. 5246. 1861. Synonym(s): Tillandsia meridionalis auct. non Baker: sensu Smith & Downs, FI. Neotrop. Monoge 14(2): 820. 1977. Dept.: CH, SC, TA. Elevation: 1200-1550 m. Type: Original description and plate. Voucher: W. Till 156 (WU). Tillandsia recurvispica L. Hrom. & P. Schneid., Die Bromelie 1/87: L 1987. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2500-2600 m. Type: H. Hromadnik & L. Hromadnik 3007. HT: WU; IT: LPB, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: H. Hromadnik & L. Hromadnik 5330 (WU). Endemic. Tillandsia reichenbachii Baker, Handb. BromeL 166. 1889. Synonym(s): Tillandsia herzogii Wittm., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 29: 89. 1916. Dept.: CH, CO, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-2500 m. Type: Reichenbach icon; with no specific locality.
(K).
Voucher: R. Martinez 591 (LPB, SEL).
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
Tillandsia rhomboidea Andre, Enum, Bromel. 6. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 566. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: BE. Elevation: 700-800 m. Type: Andre 2745. LT: K; IT: NY. Colombia. Voucher: S. Beck 1732 (US). Tillandsia rubella Baker, J. Bot. 26: 44. 1888. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 1800-3000 m. Type: Mandon 1187. HT: K; IT: GH, P. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4496 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia rusbyi Baker, Handb. Bromel. 176. 1889. Dept.: LP, Sc. Elevation: 850-1800 m. Type: H. Rusby 2163. HT: NY. Bolivia. Voucher: T. Kromer & A. Acebey 183 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia samaipatensis W. Till, Die Bromelie 21 1996: 36. Feb. 1997. Dept.: LP, Sc. Elevation: 850-1350 m. Type: W. Till 149/2. HT: LPB; IT: SEL, WU. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4112 (LPB, SEL). Endemic. Tillandsia schreiteri Lillo & A. Cast., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 36: 56. 1929. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1800 m. Type: Schreiter S.n. HT: BA. Argentina. Voucher: H. Hromadnik 9099 (WU). Tillandsia sphaerocephala Baker, J. Bot. 26: 141. 1888. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 1400-3750 m. Type: Mandon 1188. HT: K; IT: G. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5525 (LPB, SEL). Tiliandsia spiralipetala Gouda, J. Bromeliad Soc. 36: 165. 1986. Basionym: Tillandsia tricholepis Baker var. macrophylla L.B. Sm., Lilloa 14: 98. 1948. Dept.: CH, LP, Sc. Elevation: 350-1450(-2300) m. Type: Buchtien 1270. HT: US; IT: E. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4059 (LPB). Tillandsia stenoura Harms, NotizbL Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 537. 1935. Dept.: CO. Elevation: 2100-2900 m. Type: Diels 558. HT: B. Ecuador. Voucher: P. Ibisch & c. lbisch 93.0098 (SEL). Tillandsia streptocarpa Baker, J. Bot. 25: 241. 1887. Dept.: CO, CH, LP, PO, Sc. Elevation: 400-2700 m. Type: Balansa 615. HT: K; IT: P, S. Paraguay. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4800 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia superba Mez & Sodiro, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4: 1132. 1904. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2350-3250 m. Type: Sodiro 37-D. HT: B. Ecuador. Voucher: R. Seidel 7015 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia tenuifolia L., Sp. pI. 1: 286. 1753. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 450-2800 m. Type: Royen s.n. HT: L. Country unknown. Voucher: R. Seidel 7011 (LPB, SEL).
221
Tillandsia tovarensis Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 769. 1896. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2250-2700 m. Type: A. Fendler 2446. HT: GOET. Venezuela. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9677 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia tricholepis Baker, J. Bot. 16: 237. 1878. Dept.: BE, CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-2600 m. Type: Mandon 1179 in part. HT: K; IT: BM, NY, P, S. Bolivia. Voucher: S. Beck 3200 (LPB, SEL). Det. L.B. Sm. Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L., Sp. pI. (ed. 2) 1: 411. 1762. Basionym: Renealmia usneoides L., Sp. pI. 1: 287. 1753. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA.
Elevation: 1100-3800 m.
Type: Anonymous in Clifford Herbarium s.n. LT: BM. Jamaica. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4902 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia variabilis SchltdL, Linnaea 18: 418. 1844. Synonym(s): Tillandsia valenzuelana A. Rich. in Sagra, Hist. fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 267. 1850. Dept.: CO, LP, Sc. Elevation: 700-2200 m. Type: Schiede s.n. LT: HAL; ILT: HAL. Mexico. Voucher: S. Beck 12613 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia vernicosa Baker, J. Bot. 25: 241. 1887. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 200-2400 m. Type: Christie s.n. HT: K. Argentina. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 4512 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia violascens Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 797. 1896. Dept.: CO, LP, SC. Elevation: 1800-3500 m. Type: Mandon 1174 in part. HT: P; IT: BM. Bolivia. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9025 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia virescens Ruiz & Pav., FI. Peruv. 3: 43. 1802. Synonym(s): Tillandsia capillaris f. virescens (Ruiz & Pavon) L.B. Sm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 70: 212. 1935. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: 1300-4000 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon S.n. LT: BM. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 5911 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia walter-richteri W.. Weber, J. Bromeliad Soc. 34: 102. 1984. Dept.: TA. Elevation: 1800 m.
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Volume 20(2) 1999
Type: H. Hromadnik & E. Hromadnik 5142. HT: HAL; IT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Tillandsia walteri Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 43. 1906. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 2500-3000 m. Type: Weberbauer 4319. HT: B. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 12509 (LPB, SEL). Tillandsia xiphloides Ker-Gawler, Bot. Reg. 2: pl. 105. 1816. Dept.: CH, CO, LP, PO, TA. Elevation: 800-3200 m. Type: Original description and plate. Voucher: M. Cardenas 93 (GH, SIlo Tillandsia yuncharaensis W. Till, J. Bromeliad Soc. 40: 214. 1990. Dept.:TA. Elevation: 3000 m. Type: w: Till et al. sub WT 55. HT: WU. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Tillandsia sp. 1. Synonym(s): Tillandsia bryoides auct. non Griseb. ex Baker: Smith and Downs, Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14: 879. 1977; Brako and Zarucchi, Mon· ogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 250. 1993; Zuloaga and Morrone, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 114. 1996.
Type: Glaziou 16467. HT: K; IT: C, LE, P. Brazil. Voucher: B. Holst et al. 4887 (SEL, USZ). Vriesea heliconioides (Kunth) Hook. ex WaIp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 623. 1852. Basionym: Tillandsia heliconioides Kunth, Nov. gen. sp. 1: 293. 1816. Dept.: BE, LP, SC. Elevation: 200-500 m. Type: Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. HT: P. Colombia. Voucher: J. Solomon 6431 (LPB, SEL). Vriesea heterandra (Andre) L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Nat!. Herb. 29: 443. 1951. Basionym: Tillandsia heterandra Andre, Enum. Bromel. 7. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 567. 16 Dec. 1888. Dept.: LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 600-1550 m. Type: Andre 1213. HT: K. Colombia. Voucher: M. Kessler 9875 (LPB, SEL). Vriesea incurva (Griseb.) Read, Phytoiogia 16: 458. 1968. Basionym: Tillandsia incurva Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-AugustsUniv. [II: 15 . 1864. Dept.:BE?,LP. Elevation: 700-950 m. Type: A. Fendler 1524. HT: GOET; IT: GH. Venezuela. Voucher: Buchtien 373 (US). Cited for Bolivia in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14 (2): 1251. 1977. Vriesea maxoniana (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 6: 441. 1959. Basionym: Tillandsia maxoniana L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 124: 11. 1939. Dept.: CH, LP, SC, TA. Elevation: 500-1550 m. Type: Buchtien 4538. HT: US. Bolivia. Voucher: B. Holst et al. 4801 (USZ, SEL). Vriesea platynema Gaudich., Voy. Bonite, Bot. pI. 66. 1843. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1050 m. Type: Gaudichaud s.n. HT: P. Brazil. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10196 (LPB, SEL). Vriesea rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Beer, Fam. BromeI. 98. 1856. Basionym: Tillandsia rubra Ruiz & Pav., Fl. peruv. 3: 40, pI. 266. 1802. Dept.: BE, LP. Elevation: 450-850 m. Type: Ruiz & Pavon s.n. HT: MA. Peru. Voucher: T. Kromer et al. 1 (LPB, SEL).
WERAUHlA
Tillandsia bryoides Grisebach, Abh. Konig!. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 334. 1879, in part; Tillandsia coarctata Gillies ex Mez, in C. DC., Monogr. phan. 9: 865. 1896, in part. Dept.: CR, CO, LP, OR, PO, SC, TA. Elevation: (400-)1200-3000 m. Voucher: M. Cardenas 3309 (GH). Note: This taxon has often been identified as Tillandsia bryoides, but appears to be a fairly widespread, undescribed species.
VRIESEA Vriesea cf. chrysostachys E. Morren, Belgique Hort. 31: 87. 1881. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 900 m. Type: Davis in Hort. Veitch s.n. HT: LG. Peru. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 10146 (LPB, SEL). "cf.". Vriesea chontalensis (Baker) L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Nat!. Herb. 29: 518. 1951. Basionym: Tillandsia chontalensis Baker, J. Bot. 25: 237. 1887. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 1300 m. Type: R. Tate 413. HT: BM. Nicaragua. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 9872 (LPB). Vriesea friburgensis Mez, in Mart., FI. bras. 3(3): 537. 1894. Dept.: CH, SC, TA. Elevation: 500-1350 m.
Werauhia boliviana H. Luther, Selbyana 19: 218. 1998 [1999]. Dept.: LP. Elevation: 950 m. Type: M. Kessler 3907. HT: SEL; IT: LPB. Bolivia. Voucher: Only known from type collection. Endemic. Werauhia gladioliflora (H. Wend!.) J.R. Grant, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 91: 31. 1995. Bas-
KROMER ET AL.: BOLIVIAN BROMELIACEAE
ionym: Tillandsia gladioliflora Wendland, Hamburger Garten-Blumenzeitung 19: 31. 1863. Dept.: CO, LP. Elevation: 350-1300 Ill. Type: Wendland in Herrenhausen Hortus s.n. HT: HBG? Costa Rica. Vouchet: M. Kessler 9874 et al. (LPB, SEL). Werauhia sanguinolenta (Linden ex Cogn. & Mar-
223
chat) l.R. Grant, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 91: 35. 1995. Basionym: Vriesea sanguinolenta Linden ex Cogn. & Marchal, Pl. ornem. 2: pi. 52. 1874. Dept.: SC. Elevation: ca. 400 m. Type: E. Morren in Liege Hortus s.n. CT?: LG. Costa Rica. Voucher: M. Kessler et al. 8642 (LPB, SEL).
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