CHECKLIST OF VENEZUELAN BROMELIACEAE WITH NOTES ON SPECIES DISTRIBUTION BY STATE AND LEVELS OF ENDEMISM

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Selbyana 15: 132-149
CHECKLIST OF VENEZUELAN BROMELIACEAE WITH NOTES ON SPECIES DISTRIBUTION BY STATE AND LEVELS OF ENDEMISM
BRUCE
K.
HOLST
Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, USA
ABSTRACf. A checklist of the 24 genera and 364 native species ofBromeliaceae known from Venezuela is presented, including their occurrence by state and indications of which are endemic to the country. A comparison of the number of genera and species known from Mesoamerica (southern Mexico to Panama), Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana), Ecuador, and Peru is presented, as well as a summary of the number of species and endemic species in each Venezuelan state.
RESUMEN. Se presenta un listado de los 24 generos y 364 especies nativas de Bromeliaceae que se conocen de Venezuela, junto con sus distribuciones por estado y una indicaci6n cuales son endemicas a Venezuela. Se presenta tambien una comparaci6n del numero de los generos y especies de Mesoamerica (sur de Mexico a Panama), Colombia, Venezuela, las Guayanas (Guyana, Suriname, Guyana Francesa), Ecuador, y Peru, y un resumen del numero de especies y numero de especies endemicas de cada estado de Venezuela.
INTRODUCTION
The checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae presented below (Appendix 1) adds three genera (Brewcaria, Neoregelia, and Steyerbromelia) and 71 species to the totals for the country since the last summary of Venezuelan bromeliads in the Flora de Venezuela series which contained 293 species (Smith 1971). The checklist, with 24 genera and 364 species, was originally prepared for use in citing species totals for Venezuela in the forthcoming Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana (Steyermark, Berry, & Holst in prep., covering the southern half of Venezuela). Checklists such as this one are also useful for comparing species totals from other countries and for assessing species diversity across geographical gradients, which help point out centers of diversity and directions of radiation.
METHODS
The checklist was prepared from both herbaria and literature sources. Herbaria surveyed were: Field Museum of Natural History (F), Missouri Botanical Garden (MO), Facultad de Agronomia-Universidad Central de Venezuela (MY), Herbario Ovalles, Universidad Central (MYF), New York Botanical Garden (NY), Herbario Universitario, Universidad de los Llanos (PORT), United States National Herbarium (US), and the Herbario Nacional de Venezuela (VEN). Principal literature references used were the Flora Neotropica Bromeliaceae treatments (Smith & Downs 1974, 1977, 1979), Flora de Venezuela
Bromeliaceae (Smith 1971), and Revision of the Guayana Highland Bromeliaceae (Smith 1986). Several additional country records were reported in works by Smith and Read (1982), Luther (1984), Morillo (1986), and Oliva-Esteva and Steyermark (1987). Author abbreviations used in the checklist follow Brummit and Powell (1992). Abbreviations ofliterature citations follow Stafieu and Cowan (1976-1988) for books, and Lawrence et at. (1968) for journals. States in Venezuela (FIGURE 1) where the species occur are listed after each species, and the word "Endemic" is added if the species is wholly confined within Venezuela. Species that occur very near the border with Venezuela and selected excluded taxa are listed at the end of the checklist. Subspecies, varieties, and forms are either not included in the list, or in a few instances in Tillandsia, are merely listed after the species where widely recognized species have been recently reduced to infraspecific levels. Some of the infraspecific taxa that have been recognized in Venezuela are likely valid biological entities, but many also appear to be artifacts of incomplete collecting or poor understanding of variation within a species. Thorough monographs involving field studies are needed before most infraspecific taxa can attain greater taxonomic or biological meaning. While recent attempts have been made to either split up certain bromeliad genera (Smith & Kress 1989, 1990, Spencer & Smith 1993, Varadarajan & Gilmartin 1988), or combine others (Smith & Spencer 1992), a conservative approach is presented here. There will inevitably
132
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HOLST: CHECKLIST OF VENEZUELAN BROMELIACEAE
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be some, possibly major, taxonomic realignments in the family in the future, but until more detailed phylogenetic and floristic studies can be made, a traditional approach seems warranted. Synonyms have been added to the list whenever possible to reflect the alternate homotypic names that have been proposed in recent years. Heterotypic synonyms are added when they provide new information to the previous works of the Flora de Venezuela (Smith 1971) and Flora Neotropica (Smith & Downs 1974, 1977, 1979); these are largely a result of recent (Gouda 1987) or ongoing (Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, in prep.) floristic works. Selected synonyms from the appendix are cross-referenced with accepted taxa at the end of the checklist.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Venezuela ranks among the top Neotropical countries in regard to diversity and number of Bromeliaceae genera and species. Species totals from recent checklists of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana; Boggan et al. 1992), Ecuador (Luther 1989), and Peru (Brako & Zarucchi 1993), and floras from Mesoamerica (including southern Mexico to Panama; Utley & Burt-Utley 1994) and Colombia (Smith 1977, updated through 1988, Smith pers. comm.) are compared in TABLE 1 with a list of genera and species known from Venezuela. Brazil is not included, but when a list of species from that country is assembled, it will have the highest number
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TABLE 1. Species diversity of Bromeliaceae in some Neotropical countries and regions.
Meso-
Subfamily/genus'
Total species i
America
Colombia
Venezuela
Guianas
Ecuador
Peru
Bromelioideae (subtotals -+) 682 Aechmea 200+ Ananas 8 Androlepis I Araeococcus 5 Billbergia 61 Bromelia 50 Disteganthus 3 Greigia 28 Hohenbergia 45 Hohenbergiopsis 1 Neoregelia 100 Pseudaechmea 1 Ronnbergia II Streptocalyx 18 Pitcairnioideae (subtotals -+) 896 Ayensua 1 Brewcaria 2 Brocchinia 19 Connellia 5 Deuterocohnia 8+ Fosterella IS Hechtia 50+ Lindmania 35 Navia 90 Pitcairnia 3 321 Puya 186 Steyerbromelia 3 Tillandsioideae (subtotals -+) 994 Catopsis 21 Glomeropitcairnia 2 Guzmania 160+ Mezobromelia 5 Tillandsia 515 Vriesea 290 Total species 2,572 Area of country or region (km') Number of species/ 10,000 km' Total genera ca. 50
45 23
I I I
70 38 2 3 6 9 2
56 29 4 2 3 7 5
I
41 17 4 3 3 8 3
56 30 4 3 2 4 6
59 26 3 6 4 2 10
I
4 5 6
4 3 188
I
1
2 50
4 6 125 4
2 5 70
7 153
30 4 2
2 16 5
I I
6 41 2 208 17 34 1 93 63 303 778,238 3.9 19 10 82 29 196 2
72
5 33 79 41 8 3 120 4 1 28 2 53 32 364 912,050 4.0 24 2 10 12
48 22 242 3 76 3 128 32 368 283,561 13.0 15
77
70 199 1 32 2 140 24 410 1,285,215 3.2 17
49 2 8 22 17 120 448,793 2.7 16
2 92 28 391 1,138,339 3.4 16
i Total species listed for the subfamilies and genera include all species known, not just those presented in the table. Numbers listed here are mostly from Luther (1991), with some minor modifications to the genera that are largely centered in Venezuela. , Only genera from countries and regions compared in the table are listed here. 3 Including Pepinia.
of genera and species of Bromeliaceae of any country. It is also much larger in area (8,506,663 km2) than any other Neotropical country and is the Center of diversity of many genera, especially those of the Bromelioideae. An example of the
high bromeliad diversity in Brazil was illustrated by Fontoura et al. (1991) where they found 20 genera and 245 species in the southeastern state of Rio de Janeiro alone (6,321 km2). On a per-area basis, Ecuador has the highest
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135
bromeliad species diversity of countries compared in TABLE 1, though its small size automatically gives it a relatively high concentration of species per area. Pitcairnioideae species are especially well represented in Venezuela due mostly to the presence of three genera that have centers of diversity there (Navia, Lindmania, and Brocchinia), and the Andes are species-rich in Tillandsioideae. The high number of genera in Venezuela is not only due to the Guayanan pitcairnioid genera (Ayensua, Brewcaria, Brocchinia, Connellia, Lindmania, Navia, and Steyerbromelia), but also because parts of Venezuela belong to several other important Neotropical phytogeographical regions: Caribbean, Andean, and Amazonian. TABLE 2 summarizes information presented in the checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae (Appendix 1) with the total number of species and number of endemic species per state. In addition, the number of species per 1,000 km 2 is calculated for each state and overall species numbers are compared for southern and northern Venezuela. The southern Venezuelan states of Amazonas and Bolivar are by far the richest in the country in bromeliad species, though they are also considerably larger than any other state. These states contain numerous, topographically varied (503,000 m elevation) habitats including mostly oligotrophic soils and large expanses of igneous and sandstone rock outcrops where many pitcairnioid species grow. The Llanos states of Anzoategui, Apure, Barinas, Cojedes, and Guarico are relatively species-poor; they contain large expanses of mostly open-savannas with small amounts of rock outcrops, relatively few forested areas, and are only slightly varied topographically (mostly below 500 m elevation). The richest states on a per-area basis are those of the coastal range (Aragua, Carabobo, Distrito Federal, Miranda, Yaracuy, Sucre) and the Andes (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo). These states vary greatly in elevation (sea level to 5,000 m elevation) and contain numerous forest types; epiphytic Tillandsioideae are numerous in the montane habitats that occur there. The islands that form the state of Nueva Esparta are also species-rich for their size, though nearly all of the species that occur there are relatively widespread. Summarizing the number of endemic species in political regions can be misleading, especially in the tropics where intensive exploration frequently follows country borders. The numbers presented in TABLE 2, however, point out the two Venezuelan states where there is a high amount oflocal endemism: Amazonas and Bolivar. This high number of endemic species can partially be explained by the fact that some of the most speciose genera that occur there have non- or only
TABLE 2. Bromeliad species diversity and number of endemic species per state in Venezuela.
Num· Num·
State Amazonas Bolivar Htchira Aragua Distrito Federal Sucre Miranda Falcon Yaracuy Zulia Merida Lara Delta Amacuro Carabobo Anzoategui Portuguesa Nueva Esparta Monagas Trujillo Apure Barinas Cojedes Guarico Dependencias Federales Southern Venezuela I Northern Venezuela'
ber of spe· cies
Area
(km')
Spe· ber of cies/ en·
1,000
km' dem·
ics
86 48 3 5 2 2
I I
173 175,750 1.0 143 238,000 0.6 11,100 7.2 80 67 7,014 9.6 65 2,050 31.7 11,800 4.8 56 53 7,950 6.7 50 24,800 2.0 47 7,100 6.6 44 63,100 0.7 40 11,300 3.5 39 19,800 2.0 31 42,200 0.7 29 4,650 6.2 28 43,300 0.6 28 15,200 1.8 26 1,150 22.6 25 28,900 0.9 22 7,400 3.0 19 76,500 0.2 15 35,200 0.4 12 14,800 0.8 5 64,986 0.1 5 ?, small 269 455,950 161 458,100 0.59 0.35
2 2
139 38
I Includes Amazonas, Bolivar, and Delta Amacuro. , Includes all other states not listed under Southern Venezuela.
scarcely appendaged seeds (Navia, Lindmania, most Pitcairnia), and therefore poor dispersal abilities via wind. This implies that once a population becomes established away from its parents, it is likely to remain genetically isolated. The numerous, mostly steep- or vertical-walled mountains in these states provide a further barrier to dispersal. In addition, and for reasons that are not entirely clear, habitats with oligotrophic soils, which are frequent in Amazonas and Bolivar states, tend to contain higher numbers of local endemic species. The Llanos states do not have any endemic species of Bromeliaceae. Of the 394 species of Bromeliaceae that occur in Venezuela, 176 are endemic to the country. At the time of this writing, there are an additional 8-10 unidentified taxa known from Venezuela that are either new species for the country or new for science; however there also are some species included in the checklist presented here that are not well-defined species and may even-
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tually need to be synonymized. Future collecting, though, will likely turn up even more species and new country records, and may push the total number of species for Venezuela closer to 400. Several Guayana Shield bromeliad genera, particularly Lindmania and Navia, are in need of monographs that include extensive fieldwork. Many of the species in these genera are known only from their type collections and have proved difficult to recollect and study because of their remote localities. Recent collecting efforts in southern Venezuela, mainly by botanists from the herbarium of the University of the Llanos in Guanare (PORT) and Otto Huber, associated with the Herbario Ovalles in Caracas (MYF), have provided critical collections that will necessitate further refinements of generic limits and additions of species to the appended list ofVenezuelan bromeliads. Some of these will be presented in the Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I thank Paul Berry, Harry Luther, and Susan Murphy for providing useful comments on the manuscript, Gerrit Davidse for providing the Bromeliaceae genus and species totals for the Mesoamerican flora, Ivan Ramirez for making her thesis on Neoregelia subgenus Hylaeaicum available to me and for helpful comments, and German Carnevali for helping to add several additional species to the checklist.
LITERATURE CITED
BOGGAN J., V. FUNK, C. KELLOF, M. HOFF, G. CREMERS, AND C. FEUILLET. 1993. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. BRAKO L. AND J. L. ZARUCCHI. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot., Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 11286. BRUMMIT R. K. AND C. E. POWELL, eds. 1992. Authors of plant names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. FONTOURA T., A. COSTA, AND T. WENDT. 1991. Preliminary checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Selbyana 12: 5--45. GOUDA E. J. 1987. Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae. In A. R. A. Gorts-van Rijn, ed., Flora of the Guianas. Ser. A(3). Fam. 189: 1-112.
GRANT J. R. 1993. True Tillandsias misplaced in Vriesea (Bromeliaceae: Tillandsioideae). Phytologia 75: 170-175. LAWRENCE G. H. M., A. F. GUNTHER BUCHHEIM, G. S. DANIELS, AND H. DOLEZAL, eds. 1968. BotanicoPeriodicum-Huntianum. Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh, PA. LUTHER H. E. 1984. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae (IV). Selbyana 7: 348-353. - - - . 1989. A provisional checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Ecuador. Phytologia 67: 312-330. - - - . 1991. A synopsis of the Bromeliaceae. 6th National Bromeliad Conference. Sydney, Australia. MORILLO G. 1986. Notas sobre Vriesea Lindl. (Bromeliaceae) en Venezuela. Ernstia 39: 1-5. OuvA-EsTEVAF.ANDJ.A.STEYERMARK. 1987. Bromeliaceae of Venezuela, native and cultivated. Armitano, Caracas, Venezuela. SMITH L. B. 1971. Bromeliaceae. Flora de Venezuela 12(1): 1-361. - - - . 1977. The Bromeliaceae of Colombia. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 33: 1-311. - - - . 1986. Revision of the Guayana Highland Bromeliaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 689721. SMITH L. B. AND R. J. DOWNS. 1974. Pitcairnioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotr. 14(1): 1-658. - - - AND - - - . 1977. Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotr. 14(2): 663-1492. - - - AND - - - . 1979. Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotr. 14(3): 1493-2142. SMITH L. B. AND R. W. READ. 1982. Notes on Bromeliaceae, XLI. Phytologia 52: 49-60. SMITH L. B. AND W. J. KREss. 1989. New or restored genera of Bromeliaceae. Phytologia 66: 70-79. - - - AND - - - . 1990. New genera of Bromeliaceae. Phytologia 69: 271-274. SMITH L. B. AND M. A. SPENCER. 1992. Reduction of Streptocalyx (Bromeliaceae: Bromelioideae). Phytologia 72: 96-98. SPENCER M. A. AND L. B. SMITH. 1993. Racinaea, a new genus ofBromeliaceae (Tillandsioideae). Phytologia 74: 151-160. STAFLEU F. A. AND R. S. COWAN. 1976-1988. Taxonomic literature: a selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types, 2nd ed. 7 vols. Utrecht, Antwerp, The Hague, and Boston. UTLEY J. F. AND K. BURT-UTLEY. 1994. Bromeliaceae. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa, & A. O. Chater, eds. Flora Mesoamericana. University of Mexico, Mexico, D.F. VARADARAJAN G. S. AND A. J. GILMARTIN. 1988. Taxonomic realignments within the subfamily Pitcairnioideae (Bromeliaceae). Syst. Bot. 13: 294299.
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1
Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae Abbreviations of states are as follows: Amazonas (Am), Anzoategui (An), Apure (Ap), Aragua (Ar), Barinas (Ba), Bolivar (Bo), Carabobo (Ca), Cojedes (Co), Delta Amacuro (DeA), Dependencias Federales (Dep), Distrito Federal (DiP), Falcon (Fa), Guarico (Gu), Lara (La), Merida (Me), Miranda (Mi), Monagas (Mo), Nueva Esparta (NuE), Portuguesa (Po), Sucre (Su), Tachira (Ta), Trujillo (Tr), Yaracuy (Ya), Zulia (Zu). Endemic = endemic to Venezuela.
AECHMEA
Aechmea angustifolia Poeppig & Endl., Nov. Gen. Sp. PI. 2: 43. 1838. Am, Ap, Ba, Bo, Ca, Ta. Aechmea aquilega (Salisb.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 592. 1864. Ar, Bo, Ca, DeA, DeF, DiF, Fa, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Ya. Aechmea aripensis (N.E. Br.) Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 48: 316. 1958. Suo Aechmea bracteata (Sw.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 592. 1864. Mi, Zu. Aechmea brevicollis L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 154: 32. 1945.-Lamprococcus brevicollis (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress, Phytologia 66: 70. 1989. Am. Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge) Baker in Benth. & J.D. Hook., Gen. PI. 3: 664. 1883. Am, An, Ap, Ar, Ba, Bo, Co, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Aechmea castelnavii Baker, Handb. Bromel. 39. 1889. Am, Ba, Bo, Co, La, Me, Ta. Aechmea cathcartii c.P. Reed & Read, J. Brom. Soc. 31: 59. 1981. Mi. Endemic. Aechmea chantinii (Carriere) Baker, Handb. Bromel. 49. 1889.-Platyaechmea chantinii (Carriere) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress, Phytologia 69: 272. 1990. Am. Aechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Baker, J. Bot. 17: 234. 1879.-Platyaechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult.f.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress, Phytologia 69: 272. 1990. Am. Aechmea corymbosa (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 316. 1892. [A member of subgenus Lamprococcus, but the new
combination was not made by Smith & Kress (1989) in their elevation of the subgenera of Aechmea to generic rank.] Am. Aechmea cymoso-paniculata Baker, J. Bot. 17: 165. 1879. Ar. Endemic. Aechmea dichlamydea Baker, J. Bot. 17: 133. 1879. Suo Aechmea egleriana L.B. Sm., Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, N.S., Bot. 1: 2. 1958. Am. Aechmea fendleri Andre ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 223. 1896. Ar, DiF, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Ya. Aechmea filicaulis (Griseb.) Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 425. 1894. Ar, Ca, Ya. Endemic. Aechmea gigantea Baker, Handb. Bromel. 45. 1889. Suo Endemic. Aechmea lasseri L.B. Sm., Bull. Bromeliad Soc. 3: 43. 1953. Ar. Endemic. Aechmea lingulata (L.) Baker, J. Bot. 17: 164. 1879. Ar, Ca, DeA, DiF, Mi, NuE, Su, Ya. Aechmea mertensii (G. Meyer) Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1272. 1830. Am, An, Bo, DeA, Mo. Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb., PI. Brit. W. I. 593. 1864. Ar, Bo, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Ya. Aechmea paniculigera (Sw.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 593. 1864. DiP. Aechmea penduliflora Andre, Enum. BromeL [3]. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 563. 16 Dec. 1888. Am, Ap, Bo, Ta, Zu. Aechmea politii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 318. 1957. Am. Aechmea pubescens Baker, J. Bot. 17: 135. 1879. Me,Zu. Aechmea rubiginosa Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 285. 1896.-Chevaliera rubiginosa (Mez) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress, Phytologia 66: 78. 1989. Aechmea magdalenae auct. non (Andre) Andre ex Baker: L.B. Sm., Fl. Venez. 12(1): 304. 1971. Am,Bo. Aechmea setigera Mart. ex Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1273. 1830. Am,Bo.
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Aechmea spectabilis Brongn. ex Houllet, Rev. Hort. 47: 311. 1875. La, Ta, Tr, Zu. Aechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Baker, J. Bot. 17: 134. 1879.-Platyaechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult. f.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress, Phytologia 69: 274. 1990. Am, An, Ap, Bo, Ca, DeA, Su, Ta, Zu. Aechmea tocantina Baker, Handb. Bromel. 39. 1889. Am, An, Ap, Ba, Bo, Co, Ta, Ya.
ANANAS
Brewcaria duidensis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 10. 1984. Am. Endemic. Brewcaria marahuacae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 714. 1986. Am. Endemic.
BROCCHINIA
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 133. 1917. Widely cultivated. Ananas lucid us Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (Ananas no. 4). 1768. Am, Bo, Mo, Ta. Ananas parguazensis Camargo & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 464. 1968. [The genus Ananas is much in need of a revision, and in Venezuela, especially the wild species that have been identified in herbaria as A. parguazensis, A. ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Sm., and A. nanus (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm.] Am, An, Ap, Bo.
ARAEOCOCCUS
Araeococcus flagellifolius Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 784. 1929. Am, Bo, Ta, Zu. Araeococcus micranthus Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser 2. 15: 370. 1841. Am, Bo, DeA.
AYENSUA
Ayensua uaipanensis (Maguire) L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18(2): 29. 1969. Bo. Endemic.
BILLBERGIA
Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 114: 3.1936. Am, Ap, Ba, Bo, Po, Ta, Zu. Billbergia manarae Steyerm., Brittonia 30: 39. 1978. DiF. Endemic. Billbergia rosea Hortus ex Beer, Fam. Bromel. 128. 1856 [1857]. Billbergia venezuelana Mez, Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 114. 1921. Ar, Ca, DiF, Fa, Mi, Suo
Brocchinia acuminata L.B. Sm., Brittonia 3: 160. 1939. Am,Bo. Brocchinia cowanii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 293. 1957. Am. Endemic. Brocchinia delicatula L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 19. 1960. Am. Endemic. Brocchinia gilmartinii G.S. Varad., J. Brom. Soc. 36: 251. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Brocchinia hechtioides Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 414. 1913. Brocchinia cryptantha L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 293. 1957. Am,Bo. Brocchinia hitchcockii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 292. 1957. Am. Endemic. Brocchinia maguirei L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 292. 1957. Am. Endemic. Brocchinia melanacra L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 135. 1951. Brocchinia bernardii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 2. 1959. Am, Bo. Endemic. Brocchinia micrantha (Baker) Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 464. 1894. Bo. Brocchinia paniculata Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1250. 1830. Am. Brocchinia prismatica L.B. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 58: 337. 1931. Am. Brocchinia reducta Baker, J. Bot. 20: 331. 1882. Bo. Brocchinia steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 136. 1951. Bo. Brocchinia tatei L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 161: 29. 1946. Brocchinia secunda L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 135. 1951. Brocchinia oliva-estevae Steyerm. & L.B.
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Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 85.1987. Am,Bo. Brocchinia vestita L.B. Sm., Fieidiana, Bot. 28: 138. 1951. Am.
BROMELIA
Connellia varadarajanii L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., J. Brom. Soc. 35: 52. 1985. Bo. Endemic.
GLOMEROPITCAIRNIA
Bromelia chrysantha Jacq., PI. Hort. Schoenbr. 1: 28. 1797. An, Ar, Bo, Co, Fa, Gu, La, Me, Mi, Mo, NuE, Po, Su, Zu. Bromelia goeldiana L.B. Sm., BoI. Mus. Paraense Emilio GoeIdi, N.S., Bot. 1: 2. 1958. Am,Bo. Bromelia humilis Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 306. 1762. An, Ar, Ca, DiF, Fa, La, NuE, Suo Endemic. Bromelia pinguin L., Sp. PI. 285. 1753. An, Bo, Ca, Co, DiF, Gu, La, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Zu. Bromelia plumieri (E. Morren) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 15: 173.1967. An, Ar, DeA, DiF, Mi, Su, Ta. Bromelia tubulosa L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(5): 40. 1964. Am.Bo.
CATOPSIS
Glomeropitcairnia erectiflora Mez, Bull. Herb. Boissier ser 2, 5: 232. 1905. NuE, Suo
GREIGIA
Greigia alborosea (Griseb.) Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 247. 1891. An, Ar, DiF, Su, Ta, Tr. Endemic. Greigia aristeguietae L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 106. 1960. Ta, Tr. Endemic. Greigia columbiana L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 7. 1932.
Ta.
Greigia ocellata L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Phytologia 16: 72. 1968. Ta. Endemic. Greigia tillettii L.B. Sm. & Read, Ernstia 17: 9. 1983. Zu. Endemic.
GUZMANIA
Catopsis berteroniana (Schult.f.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 621. 1896. Bo, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, Ya. Catopsis floribunda L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 117: 5. 1937. Ar, Fa, La, Mi, NuE, Su, Ya, Zu. Catopsis nutans (Sw.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 599. 1864. Ar, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Po, Ta, Zu. Catopsis sessiliflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 625. 1896. Ar, Ba, Bo, DeA, Mi, Su, Ta, Zu.
CONNELLIA
Guzmania acorifolia (Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 945. 1896. Ar, DiF, Mi. Endemic. Guzmania altsonii L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 89: 7. 1930. Guzmaniapieiosticha auct., pro parte non (Griseb.) Mez: L.B. Sm., Fl. Venez. 12(1): 253.1971; L.B. Sm., F1. Neotr. 14(2). 1317. 1977. Am, Bo, Ya. Guzmania brasiliensis UIe, Verh. Bot. Vereins Provo Brandenburg 48: 147. 1907. Am. Guzmania confinis L.B. Sm., Fieidiana, Bot. 28: 143. 1951.
Ta.
Guzmania coriostachya (Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 914. 1896. An, Ar, Fa, Mi, Su, Ta, Ya. Guzmania cylindrica L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 282. 1955. Fa, Ya. Guzmania hedychioides L.B. Sm., Bull. Bromeliad Soc. 5: 69. 1955. Ar. Endemic. Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 899. 1896. Am, Ap, Ar, Bo, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, NuE, Su, Ta, Ya, Zu.
Connellia augustae (M.R. Schomb.) N.E. Br., Trans Linn. Soc. London, Bot., Ser. 2, 6: 66. 1901. Bo. Connellia caricifolia L.B. Sm., Fieidiana, Bot. 28: 139. 1951. Bo. Endemic. Connellia nutans L.B. Sm., Fieidiana, Bot. 28:
141. 1951. Bo. Endemic.
Connellia quelchii N.E. Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., Ser. 2, 6: 67. 1901. Bo. Endemic.
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Guzmania lychnis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 363. 1953. Hl, Tr. Guzmania melinonis Regel, Gartenflora 34: 116. 1885. Am. Guzmania membranacea L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Acta Bot. Venez. 2(5-8): 380. 1968. Suo Endemic. Guzmania mitis L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 31. 1932. Fa, La, Me, Po, Ta, Tr. Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 905. 1896. Am, Ar, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, Mo, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Ya, Zu. Guzmania mucronata (Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 912. 1896. Ar, DiF, Fa, Mi, Ya. Endemic. Guzmania musaica (Linden & Andre) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 898. 1896. Zu. Guzmania nubicola L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 316. 1957. Am. Guzmania nUbigena L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 355. 1953. Ar, DiF, Ya. Endemic. Guzmania patuia Mez & Werckle, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 255. 1916. Am, Ar, Bo, Ca, La, Ta, Ya, Zu. Guzmania pennellii L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 98: 30. 1932. Ta. Guzmania retusa L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 143. 1951. Bo. Guzmania roezlii (E. Morren) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 948. 1896. Am, Bo, DeA. Guzmania sanguinea (Andre) Andre ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 901. 1896. DiF. Guzmania sphaeroidea (Andre) Andre ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 942. 1896. Guzmania geniculata L.B. Sm., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 42: 282. 1952. Guzmania venamensis L.B. Sm., Phyto10gia 21: 88. 1971. Am,Bo. Guzmania squarrosa (Mez & Sodiro) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 403. 1953; L.B. Sm., Phytologia 15: 180. 1967. Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, La, Me, Po, Ta, Tr, Zu. Guzmania steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 419. 1961. Guzmania plumieri auct. non (Griseb.) Mez: L.B. Sm., Fl. Venez. 12(1): 246. 1971. Bo. Endemic.
Guzmania terrestris L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 715. 1986. Am. Endemic. Guzmania ventricosa (Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 929. 1896. Ar, DiF. Endemic. Guzmania virescens (Hook.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 943. 1896. Ar. Endemic.
HOHENBERGIA
Hohenbergia stellata Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1251. 1830. Ar, Bo, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, Mo, Su, Ya.
LINDMANIA
[All Venezuelan and Guayana Shield species previously treated as Cottendorfia have been transferred to Lindmania. Cottendorfia is now regarded as a monotypic genus restricted to southeastern Brazil.] Lindmania arachnoidea (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 697. 1986. - Cottendorfia arachnoidea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 9. 1984. Am. Endemic. Lindmania argentea L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 414. 1957.-Cottendorfia argentea (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 169. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania atrorosea (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendorfia atrorosea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Brittonia 33: 28. 1981. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania aurea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 697. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania brachyphylla L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 416. 1957.-Cottendorfia brachyphylla (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 169. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania cylindrostachya L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 286. 1957.-Cottendorfia cylindrostachya (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 169. 1960. Am, Bo. Endemic. Lindmania dyckioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cot-
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tendorfia dyckioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(3): 21. 1967. Bo. Endemic. LindmaniageniculataL.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 414. 1957.-Cottendorfia geniculata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Am, Bo. Endemic. Lindmania gracillima (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 693. 1986.-Cottendorfia gracillima L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 418. 1961. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania guianensis (Beer) Mez III C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 537. 1896. Bo. Lindmania holstii Steyerm. & L.B. Sm., J. Brom. Soc. 38: 51. 1988. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania huberi L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 699. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania imitans L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot.
Gard. 73: 697. 1986.
Bo. Endemic. Lindmania lateralis (L.B. Sm. & Read) L.B. Sm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 693. 1986.-Cottendorjza lateralis L.B. Sm. & Read, Phytologia 30: 289. 1975. Am. Endemic. Lindmania longipes (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendor/za longipes L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(3): 22. 1967. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania marahuacae (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 699. 1986.-Cottendorfia marahuacae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 9. 1984. Lindmania terramarae L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 698. 1986. Am. Endemic. Lindmania minor L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 419. 1957.-Cottendorfia minor (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania navioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 419. 1957.-Cottendorfia navioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania nubigena (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendorfia nubigena L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. lO(2): 16. 1960. Am. Endemic.
Lindmania paludosa L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 284. 1957.-Cottendorfiapaludosa (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania phelpsiae L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 286. 1957.-Cottendorfia phelpsiae (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Am. Endemic. Lindmania riparia L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania savannensis (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendorfia savannensis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 16. 1960. Am. Endemic. Lindmania saxicola L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 693. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania serrulata L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 283. 1949. - Cottendorfia serrulata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania sessilis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 693. 1986. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania smithiana (Steyerm. & Luteyn) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 698. 1986. - Connellia smithiana Steyerm. & Luteyn, J. Brom. Soc. 35: 152. 1985. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania stenophylla L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 417. 1957.-Cottendorfia stenophylla (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phyto10gia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 416. 1957.-Cottendorfia steyermarkii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania subsimplex L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 417. 1957.-Cottendorfia subsimplex (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Lindmania thyrsoidea L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 287. 1957.-Cottendorfia thyrso idea (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 170. 1960. Am. Endemic. Lindmania tillandsioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 416. 1957.-Cottendorfia tillandsioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 171. 1960. Bo. Endemic.
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Lindmania wurdackii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 284. 1957.-Cottendorjia wurdackii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7:
Navia breweri L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Acta Bot. . Venez. 2(5-8): 380. 1968.
Bo. Endemic.
Navia brocchinioidesL.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 299. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia cardonae L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 106. 1960. Bo. Endemic. Navia caricifolia L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 312. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia carnevalii L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 952. 1989. Am. Endemic. Navia caurensis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(3): 42. 1967. Bo. Endemic. Navia colorata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 302. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia connata L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 25(106): 50. 1963. Bo. Endemic. Navia crassicaulis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 708. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia cretacea L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 308. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia crispa L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 378. 1953. Am. Navia cucullata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 309. 1957.
171. 1960. Am, Bo. Endemic.
MEZOBROMELIA
Mezobromelia capituligera (Griseb.) J.R. Grant, Phytologia 74: 428. 1993.- Vriesea capituligera (Griseb.) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 402. 1953. Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, Tr, Ya. Mezobromelia pleiosticha (Griseb.) Utley & H. Luther, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 270. 1991. - Vriesea pleiosticha (Griseb.) Gouda, Fl. Guianas, Ser. A(3). Fam. 189: 82.1987.Guzmania pleiosticha (Griseb.) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 930. 1896. Vriesea splitgerberi (Mez) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 403. 1953. Bo, DeA.
NAVIA
Navia abysmophila L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 21. 1960. Am. Endemic. Navia affinis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 21. 1960. Am. Navia albiflora L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 21. 1960. [This species was apparently inadvertently left out of the Flora de Venezuela treatment by Smith (1971).] Am. Endemic. NaviaaliciaeL.B. Sm., Steyerm. &H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 13. 1984. Am. Endemic. Navia aloifolia L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 314. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia arida L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 23(101): 62. 1962. Navia igneosicola L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 713. 1986. Am,Bo. Navia aurea L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 145. 1951. Am. Endemic. Navia berryana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 712. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia brachyphylla L.B. Sm., BulL Torrey Bot. Club 58: 339. 1931. Am. Endemic.
Bo. Endemic.
Navia culcitaria L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 712. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia diffusa L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 19. 1960. NaviaplowmaniiL.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 703. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia duidae L.B. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 58: 338. 1931. Am. Endemic. Navia emergens L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Brittonia 33: 31. 1981.
Bo. Endemic.
Navia filifera L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 713. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia geaster L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 14. 1984. Bo. Endemic. Navia glauca L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 145. 1951. Am. Endemic.
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Navia gleasonii L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 89: 7. 1930. Am. Navia hechtioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 299. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia hohenbergioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 298. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia huberiana L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 706. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia immersa L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 314. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia incrassata L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Phytologia 16: 74. 1968. Bo. Endemic. Navia intermedia L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Phytologia 16: 74. 1968. Bo. Endemic. Navia involucrata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 304. 1957. Am. Endemic. Naviajauana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 32(132-133): 287.1976. Bo. Endemic. Navia lactea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 14. 1984. Am. Endemic. Navia lanigera L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 304. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia lasiantha L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Phytologia 16: 75. 1968. Bo. Endemic. Navia latifolia L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 308. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia lepidota L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 459. 1968. Am. Endemic. Navia liesneri L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 709. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia lindmanioides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 298. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia linearis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 709. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia luzuloides L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 32(132-133): 289. 1976. Bo. Endemic. Navia mima L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 310. 1957. Am. Endemic.
Navia mosaica B. Holst, J. Brom. Soc. 43: 248. 1993. Am. Endemic. Navia navicularis L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 25(106): 52. 1963. Bo. Endemic. Navia nubicola L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 304. 1957. Navia pedemontana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 708. 1986. N avia iosothrix L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 952. 1989. Am. Endemic. Navia ocellata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 310. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia octopoides L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 308. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia ovoidea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Brittonia 33: 31. 1981. Bo. Endemic. Navia parvula L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 314. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia patria L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 952. 1989. Am. Endemic. Navia pauciflora L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 306. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia phelpsiae L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 301. 1957. Navia gra./ii Steyerm. & B. Holst, Ernstia 38: 44. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia polyglomerata L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 704. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia pulvinata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 306. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia pungens L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 310. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia ramosa L.B. Sm., Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 14(3): 38. 1967. Navia platyphylla L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 954.1989. Am, Bo. Endemic. Navia reflexa L.B. Sm., Bot. Mus. Leafi. 16: 196. 1954. Navia gracilis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(5): 38. 1964. Am.
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Navia robinsonii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 459. 1968. Bo. Endemic. Navia saxicola L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 306. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia scirpifiora L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 32(132-133): 307. 1976. Bo. Endemic. Navia seopulorum L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 421. 1957. Bo. Endemic. Navia semiserrata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 309. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia serrulata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 302. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia splendens L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(5): 39. 1964. Bo. Navia stenodonta L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 299. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 146. 1951. Am. Endemic. Navia subpetiolata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 312. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia terramarae L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 955. 1989. Am. Endemic. Navia thomasii L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 703. 1986. Am. Endemic. Navia triehodonta L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 301. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia umbratilis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 309. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia viridis L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 301. 1957. Am. Endemic. Navia wurdackii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 419. 1957. Bo. Endemic. Navia xyridifiora L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 147. 1951. Am. Endemic.
Neoregelia leviana L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 460. 1968. Am. Neoregelia myrmecophila (Ule) L.B. Sm., Smithsonian Misc. Coil. 126: 30. 1955. Am. Neoregelia stolonifera L.B. Sm., Phytologia 9: 246. 1963. Am.
PITCAIRNIA
NEOREGELIA
Piteairnia agavifolia L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 287. 1957.-Pepinia agavifolia (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297. 1988. Am. Endemic. Piteairnia altensteinii (Link, Klotzsch & Otto) Lem., Fl. Serres 2: t. 162. 1846. Ar, DiF. Endemic. Piteairnia armata Maury, J. Bot. (Morot) 3: 270. 1889.-Pepinia armata (Maury) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297. 1988. Pitcairnia breweri L.B. Sm., Phytologia 9: 246. 1963.-Pepinia breweri (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297.1988. Am, Ap, Bo. Endemic. Pitcairnia brevicalycina Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 9. 1919. Ba, Me, Po, Ta, Tr. Piteairnia brittoniana Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 451. 1896. Am,Bo. Piteairnia bulbosa L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 178. 1955.-Pepinia bulbosa (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297. 1988. Pitcairnia wurdackii L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 17. 1960. - Pepinia wurdackii (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 299. 1988. Am. Pitcairnia eana B. Holst, J. Brom. Soc. 43: 252. 1993. Am. Endemic. Piteairnia caricifolia Mart. ex Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1242. 1830.-Pepinia caricifolia (Mart. ex Schult. f.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 297. 1988. Am, Bo, DeA. Piteairnia eaulescens K. Koch ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 425. 1896. Exact locality unknown, probably northern Venezuela. Pitcairnia eommixta L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 303. 1949.
Neoregelia eathcartii c.F. Reed & Read, J. Brom. Soc. 31: 59. 1981. Ar. Endemic.
Ta.
Piteairnia etenophylla L.B. Sm., Brittonia 3: 161. 1939.-Pepinia ctenophylla (L.B. Sm.) G.S.
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Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Bo. Endemic. Pitcairnia echinata Hook., Bot. Mag. 79: t. 4709. 1853. Am, Ta. Pitcairnia epiphytica L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 289. 1957.-Pepinia epiphytica (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia fendleri Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 387. 1896. DiF. Endemic. Pitcairnia filispina L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 289. 1957.-Pepiniafilispina (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia grafii Rauh, J. Brom. Soc. 38: 161. 1988. Ta. Endemic. Pitcairnia graniticola B. Holst, J. Brom. Soc. 43: 255. 1993. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia heterophylla (Lind!,) Beer, Fam. Bromel. 68. 1857. Am, An, Ar, Bo, Ca, DiF, Gu, La, Me, Mi, Po, Su, Ta, Tr, Ya, Zu. Pitcairnia hitchcockiana L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 44. 1954.
Pitcairnia moritziana K. Koch & Bouche, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 1856, App.: 4. 1857. Ar, Ca, Co, DiF. Endemic. Pitcairnia nematophora L.B. Sm. & Read, Brittonia 33: 31. 1981. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia nUbigena Planch. & Linden, Fl. Serres 8: 265. 1853. Me, Tr. Endemic. Pitcairnia orchidifolia Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 114. 1921. Bo, Ca, Co, DiF, Fa. Endemic. Pitcairnia patentifiora L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 127: 18. 1939.-Pepinia patentij!ora (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Pitcairnia phelpsiae (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst & L.B. Sm., J. Brom. Soc. 43: 256. 1993.-Puya phelpsiae L.B. Sm., Brittonia 7: 78. 1950. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia pruinosa H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 295. 1816.-Pepinia pruinosa (H.B.K.) G.S.
Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 299.1988.
Ta.
Pitcairnia integrifolia Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 36: t. 1462. 1812. An, DiF, Suo Pitcairniajuncoides L.B. Sm., Contr. Gray Herb. 161: 33. 1946.-Pepiniajuncoides(L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia kunhardtiana L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 289. 1957.-Pepinia kunhardtiana (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia maguirei L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(2): 17. 1960. - Pepinia maguirei (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 298. 1988. Am. Endemic. Pitcairnia maidifolia (E. Morren) Decne. ex Planch. & Linden, Fl. Serres 9: 151. 1854. Am, Ar, Ba, Bo, DiF, La, Me, Po, Ta, Tr, Ya. Pitcairnia meridensis Klotzsch ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 385. 1896. Me, Ta, Zu. Endemic. PitcairniamicrocalyxBaker,J. Bot. 19: 228.1881. DiF, Mi, Mo, Su, Tr. Endemic.
Am, Ap, Bo. Pitcairnia rubiginosa (Brongn. ex E. Morren) Baker, Handb. Bromel. 116. 1889. Am. Pitcairnia schultzei Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 212. 1928. Ca, Po, Ta. Pitcairnia steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 53: 177. 1983. Fa. Endemic. Pitcairnia tuberculata L.B. Sm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 149. 1951. Me. Endemic. Pitcairnia turbinella L.B. Sm., Caldasia [1] (4): 17. 1942.-Pepinia turbinella (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 299.1988. Am. Pitcairnia tympani L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 177. 1955. Me. Endemic. Pitcairnia uaupensis Baker, Handb. Bromel. 93. 1889.-Pepinia uaupensis (Baker) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin, Syst. Bot. 13: 299. 1988. Am. Pitcairnia venezuelana L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Phytologia 16: 76. 1968. La, Po. Endemic.
PuYA
Puya aristeguietae L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 2. 1959. La, Me, Ta, Tr, Zu. Endemic. Puya cardonae L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 107. 1960. Ta. Endemic.
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Puya ftoccosa (Linden) E. Morren ex Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 478. 1896. Ar, Ba, Bo, Ca, Co, La, Me, Po, Ta, Tr, Ya. Puya grafii Rauh, Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 52: 5. 1985. Am. Endemic. Puya killipii Cuatrec., Not. Fl. Colombia 6: 38. 1944; Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 6: 63. 1944. Ap, Ta. Puya silvae-baccae L.B. Sm. & Read, Ernstia 17: 9. 1983.
ZU. Endemic.
Puya trianae Baker, Handb. Bromel. 124. 1889.
Ta.
Puya venezuelana L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 3.1959. Tr. Endemic.
STEYERBROMELIA
Steyerbromelia deftexa L.B. Sm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 12. 1984. Am. Endemic. Steyerbromelia diffusa L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 700. 1986. Am. Endemic. Steyerbromelia discolor L.B. Sm. & H. Rob., Acta Bot. Venez. 14(3): 8. 1984. Am. Endemic.
STREPTOCALYX
Streptocalyx longifolius (Rudge) Baker, Handb. Bromel. 31. 1889. -Aechmea longifolia (Rudge) L.B. Sm. & M.A. Spencer, Phytologia 72: 97. 1992. Bo.
TILLANDSIA
Tillandsia adpressa Andre, Enum. Bromel. 6. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 566. 16 Dec. 1888. Ar, DiF, Fa, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia adpressiftora Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 661. 1896. Am,Bo. Tillandsia amicorum I. Ramirez & Bevilacqua, Acta Bot. Venez.15(3-4): 149.1990[1989]. La, Fa, Tr, Ya. Tillandsia anceps Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 8: t. 771. 1823. Am, An, Ar, Bo, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, Su, Ta, Ya, ZU. Tillandsia archeri L.B. Sm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 68: 147. 1933. Bo.
Tillandsia balbisiana Schult.f. in Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 1212. 1830. An, Ap, Ar, Bo, Co, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, Su, Ta, Tr, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia biftora Ruiz & Pavon, Fl. Peruv. 3: 41. 1802. Ar, DiF, Me, Su, Ta, Tr, Zu. Tillandsia brachycaulos Schlecht., Linnaea 18: 422. 1844. Ar, Bo. Tillandsia bulbosa Hook., Exot. Fl. 3: 173. 1825. Am, An, Ba, Bo, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, Mi, Mo, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia clavigera Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 783. 1896. Am, Ta. Tillandsia compacta Griseb., Nachr. Konig!. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 1864: 18. 1865. Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Su, Ta. Tillandsia complanata Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulph. 173. 1846. Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, Po, Ta, Tr, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia confinis L.B. Sm., Phytologia 4: 218. 1953. Tillandsia abysmophila L.B. Sm. & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 714. 1986. Am,Zu. _ Tillandsia denudata Andre, Enum. BromeL 8. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 568. 16 Dec 1888. ~iF, Me, Ta. Tillandsia elongata H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 293. 1816. Am, Ap, Ar, Ba, Bo, Ca, DeA, DeF, DiF, Fa, Mi, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia fasciculata Sw., Prodr. 56. 1788. Ap, Ar, Ba, Bo, Ca, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia fendleri Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 1864: 17. 1865. Am, An, Ar, Bo, Ca, Co, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, Po, Su, Ht, Tr, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia ftexuosa Sw., Prodr. 56. 1788. Am, An, Ap, Ar, Bo, Ca, Co, DeA, DeF, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia funckiana Baker, Handb. Bromel. 196. 1889. Tillandsia andreana auct. non E. Morren ex Andre: L.B. Sm., Fl. Venez. 12(1): 213. 1971. Ca, Me. Tillandsia gardneri Lindl., Bot. Reg. 28: t. 63. 1842. Ar, Bo, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, Mo, Su, Ta, Ya.
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HOLST: CHECKLIST OF VENEZUELAN BROMELIACEAE
147
Tillandsia globosa Wawra, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 30: 222. 1880. Mo. Tillandsia incarnata H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 291. 1816. Me. Tillandsia jenmanii Baker, J. Bot. 25: 345. 1887.-Racinaea jenmanii (Baker) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 154. 1993. An, Bo, DiF, Mi, Su, Ya. Tillandsia juncea (Ruiz & Pavon) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 5: 309. 1817. An, Ap, Ar, Ba, Bo, Co, DiF, La, Fa, Me, Mi, Mo, Po, Su, Ta, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia kegeliana Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 725. 1896. Bo, DiF, Fa, Mi, NuE, Su, Ya. Tillandsia lescaillei C. Wright in Sauv., Ana1es Acad. Ci. MM. Habana 8: 53. 1871.-Racinaea lescaillei (C. Wright) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phyto10gia 74: 155. 1993. An, DiF, Fa, Ya. Tillandsia longifolia Baker, Handb. Brornel. 185. 1889. Ar, DiF, Me. Tillandsia monadelpha (E. Morren) Baker, J. Bot. 25: 281. 1887. Bo, DeA, DiF, Mi, Su, Ta, Ya, Zu. Tillandsiamyriantha Baker, J. Bot. 25: 242.1887. An, DiF, La, Me, NuE, Su, Ya. Tillandsia paraensis Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 586. 1894. Am,Bo. Tillandsia paucifolia Baker, Gard. Chron. n.s. 10: 748. 1878. Tillandsia circinnata auct. non Schlecht.: L.B. Sm., Fl. Venezuela 12(1): 207. 1971. DiF, Fa, NuE, Suo Tillandsia polystachia (L.) L., Sp. PI. ed. 2. 410. 1762. Bo, DeA, Mi, Mo, Suo Tillandsia pruinosa Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. 1: 594. 1797. Am, Bo, Me, Mi, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia pyramidata Andre, Bromel. Andr. 86. 1889; emend. Rauh, Akad. Wiss. Abh. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 1973(3): 15. 1973. Bo. Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L., Sp. PI. ed. 2. 410. 1762. Am, An, Ap, Ar, Bo, Ca, DeF, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, NuE, Po, Su, Ta, Ya, Zu. Tillandsia rhomboidea Andre, Enum. Bromel. 6. 13 Dec. 1888. Fa, n. Tillandsia schiedeana Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2. 2: 688. 1841. Ar, Ba, Fa, Gu, Me, Mi, Po.
Tillandsia schultzei Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 216. 1928. Me, Ta. Tillandsia seemannii (Baker) Mez m C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 737. 1896. Me. Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb., Nachr. Konig!. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 1864: 17. 1865.-Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 157. 1993. [Including varieties micrantha (Baker) L.B. Sm. and stenoglossa (L.B. Sm.) Gouda.] Am, Ar, Bo, Ca, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, NuE, Su, Ta, Tr, Ya. Tillandsia steyermarkii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 28: 38. 1974.-Racinaeasteyermarkii (L.B. Sm.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 158. 1993. Ar, Ya. Endemic. Tillandsia stipitata L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 40. 1954. Me, Ta. Tillandsia stricta Sol. ex Ker Gawl. in Sims, Bot. Mag. 37: t. 1529. 1813. Bo, DeA, Fa, Suo Tillandsia subulifera Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 74.1919. Su, Mi, Ta. Tillandsia suescana L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 441. 1951. Ta. Tillandsia tenuifolia L., Sp. PI. 286. 1753. An, Ar, Bo, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Ya. Tillandsia tenuispica Andre, Enum. BromeJ. 7. 13 Dec. 1888; Rev. Hort. 60: 567. 16 Dec. 1888.-Racinaea tenuispica (Andre) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 158. 1993. Me, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia tetrantha Ruiz & Pavon, Fl. Peruv. 3: 39. 1802.-Racinaea tetrantha (Ruiz & Pavon) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm., Phytologia 74: 158. 1993. [Including variety caribea (L.B. Sm.) Gouda.] Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, La, Me, Mi, Po, Su, Ta, Tr, Ya. Tillandsia tovarensis Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 769. 1896. Ar, DiF, La, Me, Mo, Su, Ta. Tillandsia turneri Baker, J. Bot. 26: 144. 1888. Am, Bo, Ta. Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L., Sp. PI. ed. 2. 411. 1762. An, Ap, Ar, Bo, Ca, DeA, DeF, DiF, Fa, La, Me, Mi, Mo, Po, Su, Ya, Ta, Zu. Tillandsia utriculata L., Sp. PI. 286. 1753. DiF, Fa, Mi, Mo.
148
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[Volume 15
Tillandsia variabilis Schlecht., Linnaea 18: 418. 1845. Tillandsia valenzuelana A. Rich. in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 267. 1850. An, DiF, Mi, Po, Ta, Zu.
VRIESEA
Vriesea amazonica (Baker) Mez in Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(3): 554. 1894. DeA, Po. Vriesea bi-beatricis Morillo, Emstia 39: 2. 1986. Am. Endemic. Vriesea bituminosa Wawra, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 347. 1862. Ar. Vriesea cowellii (Mez & Britton) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 80. 1968. Ar, Fa, La. Vriesea didistichoides (Mez) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 281. 1955. Ar, DiF, Fa, La, Mi, NuE, Ta, Va. Vriesea duidae (L.B. Sm.) Gouda, Fl. Guianas, Ser. A(3), Fam. 189: 72. 1987.-Tillandsia duidae L.B. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 58: 340. 1931. Am,Bo. Vriesea elata (Baker) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 288. 1955. Ta, Va. Vriesea fragrans (Andre) L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 443. 1951.
Ta.
Vriesea fribrosa L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 315. 1957. Am. Endemic. Vriesea gladiolifiora (Wendl.) Ant., Wiener Ill. Gart.-Zeitung 5: 98. 1880.
Ta.
Vriesea glutinosa Lindl., Gard. ehron. 388. 1856. Bo. Vriesea heliconioides (H.B.K.) Hook. ex Wa1pers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 623. 1852. Am, Ap, Ba, Ca, Fa, Mi, Po, Su, Ta, Zu. Vriesea heterandra (Andre) L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 443. 1951. Ar, Ta. Vriesea hygrometrica (Andre) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 402. 1953. Bo. Vriesea incurva (Griseb.) Read, Phyto10gia 16: 458. 1968. [J.R. Grant, 1993, had suggested that this species is properly a Tillandsia, in which case the name and citation would be: Tillandsia incurva Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 1864: 15. 1865.] Am, Ar, Bo, DiF, Fa, La, Po, Ta, Zu.
Vriesea johnstonii (Mez) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 402. 1953. Bo, NuE, Suo Vriesea laxa Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 578. 1896; emend. L.B. Sm., Phyto10gia 7: 4. 1959. Ar, Fa, Va. Endemic. Vriesea maguirei L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18(2): 32. 1969. Am. Vriesea melgueiroi I. Ramirez & Camevali, J. Brom. Soc. 43: 55. 1993. Am. Vriesea platynema Gaudich., Atl. Voy. Bonite t. 66. 1843. Am, An, Ar, Bo, DeA, DiF, Fa, La, NuE, Su, Va. Vriesea procera (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Wittm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13, Heft 3/4, Beibl. 29: 21. 1891. DeA, Mi. Vriesea robusta (Griseb.) L.B. Sm., Phytologia 7: 4. 1959. Ar, DiF, Ta. Vriesea rubra (Ruiz & Pavon) Beer, Fam. Bromel. 98. 1856 [1857]. [J.R. Grant, 1993, has suggested that this species is properly a Tillandsia, in which case the name and citation would be: Tillandsia robusta Griseb., Nachr. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 1864: 15. 1865.] Bo, DeA, La, Ta, Zu. Vriesea sanguinolenta Cogn. & March., PI. Ornam. pI. 52. 1874. Bo, Ta. Vriesea scalaris E. Morren, Belgique Hort. 29: 301. 1879. An. Vriesea simplex (VeIl.) Beer, Fam. Bromel. 97. 1856 [1857]. Ar, Bo, Mi, NuE, Su, Va. Vriesea socialis L.B. Sm., Bot. Mus. Leaf!. 12: 121. 1946. Am. Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem., Fl. Serres 6: 162. 1850. An, Ar, Bo, Ca, Fa, Gu, Mi, Mo, NuE, Su, Va. Vriesea sulcata L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 315. 1957. Am. Endemic. Vriesea tequendamae (Andre) L.B. Sm., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 444. 1951. Me, Ta. Vriesea viridiflora (Regel) Wittm. ex Mez in Engl., Pfianzenr. IV. 32. 387. 1935. Bo. Vriesea wurdackii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 16: 83. 1968. Am. Endemic.
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HOLST: CHECKLIST OF VENEZUELAN BROMELIACEAE
SELECTED SYNONYMS USED IN THE CHECKLIST
149
Vriesea capituligera
gera
=
Mezobromelia capituli-
Aechmea magdalenae auct.
nosa
=
Aechmea rubigi-
Vriesea splitgerberi
=
Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Billbergia venezuelana = Billbergia rosea Brocchinia bernardii = Brocchinia melanacra Brocchinia cryptantha = Brocchinia hechtioides Brocchinia oliva-estevae = Brocchinia tatei Brocchinia secunda = Brocchinia tatei Chevaliera = Aechmea Cottendorfia-all Venezuelan species are now
placed in Lindmania
SPECIES OCCURRING NEAR THE BORDER WITH VENEZUELA
Guzmania geniculata = Guzmania sphaeroidea Guzmania pleiosticha = Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Guzmania pleiosticha auct. = Guzmania altsonii Guzmania plumieri auct. = Guzmania steyermarkii
Guzmania venamensis = Guzmania sphaeroidea Lamprococcus = Aechmea Lindmania terramarae = Lindmania marahuacae
Navia gracilis = Navia reftexa Navia grafii = Navia phelpsiae Navia igneosicola = Navia arida Navia iosothrix = Navia nubicola Navia pedemontana = Navia nubicola Navia platyphylla = Navia ramosa Navia plowmanii = Navia diffusa Pepinia = Pitcairnia Pitcairnia breweri = Pitcairnia armata Pitcairnia wurdackii = Pitcairnia bulbosa Platyaechmea = Aechmea Puya phelpsiae = Pitcairnia phelpsiae Racinaea = Tillandsia Tillandsia abysmophiIa = Tillandsia confinis Tillandsia andreana auct. = Tillandsia funckiana
Lindmania dendritica (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendorfia dendritica L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18(2): 31. 1969. Brazil, Amazonas: Serra da Neblina. Lindmania maguirei (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 695. 1986.-Cottendorfia maguirei L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18(2): 31. 1969. Brazil, Amazonas: Serra da Neblina. Navia barbellata L.B. Sm, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10(5): 38. 1964. Guyana: Karowtipu. Pitcairnia sprucei Baker, J. Bot. 19: 303. 1881. Colombia, Guainia: Rio Guainia. Vriesea mitoura L.B. Sm., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18(2): 32. 1969. Brazil, Amazonas: Serra Pirapucu.
EXCLUDED SPECIES
Navia lopezii L.B. Sm., Bot. Mus. Leafi. 15: 40.
1951. = Aratitiyopea lopezii (L.B. Sm.) Steyermo & P.E. Berry, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 71: 297. 1984, a member of the Xyridaceae. Tillandsia cuatrecasasii L.B. Sm., Phytologia 5: 36. 1954. This species, whose type is from Valle state in Colombia, has been reported from Venezuela on the basis ofa single collection from the Chimanta massif in Bolivar state (Steyermark & Wurdack 927, NY), but a preliminary study of the specimen suggests that it might be better placed in Tillandsia confinis or T. compacta. Vriesea macrostachya (Bello) Mez in C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 9: 601. 1896. This species was reported from Venezuela by Mez on the basis of a collection by Fendler (2450), but since has not been verified.
Tillandsia caribea
caribea folia
=
Tillandsia tetrantha var.
=
Tillandsia circinnata auct.
Tillandsia pauci-
Tillandsia duidae = Vriesea duidae Tillandsia stenoglossa = Tillandsia spiculosa var.
stenoglossa
Tillandsia valenzuelana
=
Tillandsia variabilis
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